Each country demands a series of documents and requirements necessary to travel that the international tourist must know and strictly comply with in order to avoid problems once they arrive in the country. The passport is the basic document along with others such as the visa, the international driver's license and the vaccination card, among others that we show you below.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
If you want specific information to travel to a specific destination, you just have to click on the country of this list that is of your interest:
- South Korea
- United Kingdom
- Dominican Republic
Basic requirements: ID and passport
The national identity document or citizenship card is a public document that identifies each citizen. It is a personal and non-transferable document that contains the personal data of each one, including nationality, full name, date of birth, place of residence …
Second, the passport is the basic travel document and, as such, it has international validity. It is used to identify its owner and can only be requested from the authorities of their respective country. Its function is to authorize the exit or entry into another foreign country.
Having a valid passport is a basic requirement as soon as you start preparing a trip. Now: Spanish citizens who are going to move between Member States belonging to the Schengen area can travel only with their identity card. All other travelers must apply for a passport.
If your passport is not valid, it is in poor condition or both, you must change it for a new one. Its expiration date appears on the printed sheet with your data and that is when you will have to take out a new one. Since 2006, all Spanish passports are electronic or biometric. The cost in Spain is € 26.02.
In Spain, you can renew both your ID and passport in the different processing offices after make an appointment via Internet. You can access this service by clicking on this link or take a look at help document in PDF format. You can make an appointment as long as you are a DNI or NIE holder.
Tourism visa and others
A visa or visa is another form of conditional authorization granted by a certain country, since it is allowed to enter and remain temporarily in that country, so it is mandatory to leave it after a certain period of time.
There are multiple types of visas, including those listed below:
- Tourist visa: taking a tourist visa implies that you are traveling for pleasure, with the intention of knowing the country simply, so you cannot work or do business, just spend money. It usually lasts between 1 and 6 months.
- Transit visa: It is issued to citizens who have to stop in a country to go to their destination. It is usually valid for a period equal to or less than 3 days.
- Student visa: All foreigners who are going to spend a period of study enrolled in an educational center in the country of destination must request it. The duration is usually longer.
- Work visa: Whenever there is an employment contract involved when applying for a visa, it will be possible to travel to another country to work. Normally, it is possible to renew it.
In addition, there are one, two and multiple entry visas. This last type has the advantage that it allows the traveler to enter the destination country on multiple occasions while the visa is in force and the duration does not exceed the period of time allowed.
Keep in mind that, to apply for a visa, most countries require the submission of Photographs recent and fill in an application form. It is mandatory to present the valid passport, since the visa adheres to a blank page of the same.
Travel insurance is defined as a service that provides assistance to the traveler in the event of an incident throughout the duration of their trip. Most insurance of these characteristics cover the cancellation of the trip, lost luggage, illness, repatriation, etc.
The travel assistance companies are responsible for managing this service. The European Union (EU), for example, requires the contracting of travel insurance called Schengen insurance according to Regulation (EC) No 810/2009, according to which "applicants for a uniform visa (…) must show that they have adequate and valid travel medical insurance".
European citizens traveling to an EU Member State do not need to take out medical insurance because they are fully covered thanks to the European sanitary card (TSE). This personal and non-transferable document allows the European citizen to receive the necessary health benefits during their stay in a European Economic Area (EEA) country. For your request and more information, you can click on this link.
The TSE is only issued to children or relatives dependent on the main breadwinner of the family or those who have an indefinite employment contract. In case the contract is of a fixed duration, the provisional substitute certificate.
Some international airlines also offer travel cancellation insurance. Airlines like Ryanair, Iberia, easyJet, etc. They offer their own insurance or have agreements with insurance companies, although it is recommended to read carefully what is included and what is not included in each one.
He Ministry of Health Spanish has enabled International Vaccination Centers throughout the Spanish geography in order to prevent the spread of diseases when traveling to other countries, especially if it is a country considered endemic. You can request an appointment by clicking on this link.
Depending on the travel destination, travelers may be at risk of becoming infected with different infectious diseases, depending on the infectious agents that are in the visited place. The risk usually depends on factors such as the quality of accommodation, sanitation, hygiene and traveler behavior.
The most frequent diseases are those transmitted by food and water, including:
- Traveler's diarrhea
- Hepatitis A
- Typhoid fever
Before starting your trip, it is recommended that every traveler be informed about the risk of contracting any infectious or viral disease in the destination country, as well as preventive measures. There is no specific vaccination schedule, but it depends on the vaccination history of each person, the destination, the duration of the trip …
Vaccines recommended by the Ministry of Health
The vaccines recommended in accordance with the Spanish Ministry of Health to be minimally protected regardless of the country, are:
- Yellow fever
- Hepatitis A and / or E
- Japanese encephalitis
- Tick Encephalitis
If you are traveling with children, going to the pediatrician or family doctor's office before traveling is advisable, as it is a good opportunity to check the vaccination status and determine if it will be necessary to vaccinate or make a reminder of diphtheria vaccines, Tetanus, hepatitis B, influenza or tuberculosis, among others.
The antimalarials, such as doxycycline, should be taken whenever traveling to a country where there is the presence of malaria, a serious illness that can cause the death of the individual if not treated immediately. One dose should be taken per day and start 1 to 2 days before traveling to the area where there is a risk of malaria.
Other immigration procedures
Spanish citizens do not need to request international driving license If your destination country is part of the EU. On the other hand, if they are going to travel to an outside country they must request the international permit from the DGT (General Traffic Directorate).
To apply, it is necessary to hold a valid driving license. In addition, you must request and fill out an official form available at the Traffic Headquarters and the official website of the DGT (www.dgt.es). You can find more information in this fact sheet on international permit.
Some international tourists are required to present to the consulate a certificate or proof of economic solvency, that is, it is about being able to demonstrate that they have sufficient economic means to cover their accommodation and maintenance during the planned stay in the country of destination. Mexico requires this requirement to enter, for example.
In other cases it is also an indispensable requirement to present a Letter of Invitation in favor of the foreigner who wishes to enter the country. It is a necessary procedure to welcome family members or friends who are not citizens in the country of destination and will stay there for a limited period of time.
In order for a Spaniard to request an invitation letter, he must make the request to the Police Station of his place of residence, proving his identity by means of his ID or, failing that, a foreigner's identity card. It is not necessary to provide documents related to the identity of the guest or the link between them.
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