The Florence Duomo, Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, is located in the historic center, in the Duomo Square, religious center of the city. From where it dominates with its huge dome and its bell tower, located just in front of the Baptistery.
Built where the Basilica of Santa Reparata was, from the fourth century, which in 1296 was demolished to build the new Cathedral to represent the power of Florence. It is one of the largest churches in Christendom, 160 meters long and 43 meters wide, with 90 in the cross aisle.
It was born as a public work, and the works were commissioned to the communal architect, Arnolfo di Cambio. When he died, the project was somewhat forgotten and Giotto is appointed to continue, but he concentrated on building the Campanile. It was Talenti who finished the work, which lasted almost 100 years in total.
In 1418, the Opera of the Duomo, awarded Brunelleschi the contest to carry out the Dome. His grave is in a small crypt inside the temple.
The floor of the Cathedral is in the shape of a Roman cross, with a nave and two aisles divided by angular arches with columns. The decoration is quite austere, scarce of sculptural decorations. Stresses the presbytery of octagonal floor surrounded by three large apses. The marble floor was made in the 16th century.
The facade It was finished by Emilio de Fabris, at the end of the 19th century. Made with white Carrara marble, Prato green and Siena pink cladding.
The visit to the Cathedral is free, and the Schedule They are:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Thursday of May and October, from 10 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. From July to September, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The remaining months, from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Saturdays, from 10 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.
Sundays from 1:30 p.m. to 4:45 p.m.
There are guided tours services. The entrance is through the left door of the facade.