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Gastronomy of Greece: the most typical dishes and desserts

Greek cuisine is characterized by its varied flavors and the simplicity of its elaboration. Greek food recipes include as a basic ingredient the olive oil, spices and a variety of condiments and fresh vegetables, including tomatoes, eggplants, green beans and potatoes, as well as fish and meat.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Fasolada or bean soup

It is a stew of white beans that many Greek cookbooks define as the star dish of Greek cuisine.

Its basic ingredients are beans, beans or beans and olive oil, as well as some vegetables such as carrots, peppers, onions, celery, etc. It is usually seasoned with bay leaves.

Greek recipes with legumes: the fasolada

Eggplant Musaka

Greek musaka is very similar to Italian lasagna and, in fact, it is considered to be its origin. The main ingredient of this lasagna is eggplant, which is cut into slices and placed in layers.

It is usual to accompany it also with layers of minced meat, which is usually lamb meat, and cheese is added to the top layer, which is gratinated when baked. It is usually presented in a rectangular shaped mold.

How to make eggplant musaka

Greek or feta cheese

It is a traditional cheese from Greece and also from Turkey, Denmark, Bulgaria, etc. Literally, feta cheese it means White cheese Due to its color.

This cheese is based on the curd of brine cured cheese and its origins go back to Classical Antiquity.

Normally, it is made from sheep’s milk, although it can also be made from mare’s milk or half with sheep’s milk and half with goat’s milk to enhance the flavor. It is a soft cheese, although of solid consistency, and without crust.

Feta cheese

Dolmades

Dish from Turkey that in Turkish is known as dolma, term that comes from the verb dolmak of this same language, which means fill up.

This dish consists of filling grape leaves with a mixture made from rice, minced meat, onions and a wide variety of spices and there are those who also add legumes. The dish is finally served with a sauce made of lemon juice.

Greek recipes with chard: the dolmades

Greek salad or horiatiki salata

Better known internationally simply as Greek salad, is a dish whose main ingredient is the feta cheese cut into small squares and Kalamata olives, also known as greek olives.

To these ingredients are added slices of tomato and pickle, thin slices of red onion and strips of green pepper. Finally, it is seasoned with olive oil, red wine vinegar, ground pepper, oregano and salt.

Gemistá

It means filling and pronounce yemista. This is a dish that you will find in all the taverns of Greece if you visit the country and it is prepared based on filling tomatoes and ripe green and red peppers with a paste made from rice mixed with sauteed onion, chopped parsley, crushed tomato, crumbled feta cheese, olive oil and salt. This mixture is introduced into the peppers and everything is baked. It is a dish that is usually served cold.

Gemistá

We are Sta Karvouna

It consists of baked salmon and seasoned with lemon slices, lemon juice sauce and olive oil. It is usually served accompanied by chips, peas and yogurt sauce.

We are Sta Karvouna

Gyros

Gyro in greek means turn and consists of beef or pork. After being baked, the meat is cut into small slices that are introduced into a pita bread.

They are seasoned with various ingredients, including sliced ​​onions, green or red peppers and tomatoes, as well as typical Greek sauces, including tzatziki or yogurt sauce. Gyros is a dish similar to Mexican tacos or Arabic shawarma.

Gyro (Mezzedes)

Papoutsakia eggplants

The term Papoutsakia it means little shoes in Greek and refers to the appearance of this dish, which basically consists of eggplants stuffed with minced meat and covered with cheese. In addition, the recipe includes ingredients such as: chopped onions, olive oil, a glass of white wine, chopped parsley, bechamel, salt and pepper.

Papoutsakia eggplants

Pilaffs

He pilaffs or pilafs It is a rice dish with pieces of lamb meat, all mixed with the famous Greek yogurt sauce. The name of pilaf It refers to white rice boiled and flavored with spices and onion.

Mezzedes

The term meze or mezze, in plural mezzedes, is of Turkish origin and refers to a selection of small plates They are served in Greece as starters during lunch or dinner.

There is a wide range of these small dishes, very similar to the well-known Spanish tapas, which can be served hot or cold and can have spicy or rather salty flavors, as we will see in the compilation that we show you below:

Tzatziki sauce is the basic accompaniment of all mezzedes and is known internationally with the name of yogurt sauce, although in addition to yogurt, cucumber is also its other fundamental ingredient. Mint leaves, chopped garlic and lemon juice are also added to the mixture.

Tzatziki or yogurt sauce

The greek style hamburger It is another very typical mezzedes. What distinguishes this hamburger from the traditional ones is that it does not carry typical ingredients such as melted cheese or mustard or ketchup sauces, which makes it lighter and easier to digest.

Its base ingredient is minced lamb meat, to which others such as chopped onion, parsley and garlic, oregano, ground pepper, etc. are added. Of course, you can’t miss feta cheese, olive oil and Kalamata olives. Optionally you can add tzatziki sauce (yogurt sauce).

Greek style hamburger

Famous mezzedes also include the famous hummus, which is a paste made from chickpeas, lemon juice, garlic, tahina cream (pasta made from sesame seeds) and olive oil.

It is also a very typical dish of the Middle East, such as Israel, Lebanon or Palestine, among others, although its preparation in Greece differs in part from that of these countries, given that Kalamata olives are also usually added.

The melitzanosalata It is a salad of roasted eggplants and feta cheese, all crushed to form a paste, which also includes ground almonds, a clove of garlic, olive oil and vinegar. It is usually seasoned with cooked eggs.

On the other hand, spanakopita is a pie made with spinach and feta cheese with dill, all wrapped in phyllo dough, sold in bakeries across the country.

The tyropite, also known by the name of thyropite, is a salty cake that is made with phyllo dough filled with a paste resulting from mixing feta cheese and egg. Like spanakopita, this dish can also be found for sale in bakeries in the country.

Finally, the taramosalata It is a sauce that is also consumed in the cuisine of Turkey, where it is known under the name of tarama.

The tarama It is made with cured and salted carp roe, although there are also variants in which it is prepared with cod roe. The eggs are usually mixed with lemon juice, olives, croutons, onions, etc. It is usually eaten spread on a slice of pita bread.

Bougatsa

This sweet is probably the most popular among the desserts of Greek cuisine and consists of a filling whose ingredients are minced meat, custard and cheese, all wrapped in phyllo dough. Actually, it is a dessert from Macedonia.

Diples

Also called thiples, they are made with stretched thin dough to form long, thin strips. They are fried in very hot oil and during this process they are bent to give them a loop or spiral shape, although they can be found with other shapes.

Once fried, they are soaked in syrup or spread on honey. They are served with chopped nuts and sprinkled cinnamon. It is a typical Peloponnese dessert that is also served on New Year’s Day and at wedding banquets.

Koulourakia

The Koulourakia are a typical sweet of the celebration of Holy Week in Greece, which is usually taken after Holy Saturday.

They are handmade butter cookies that are usually shaped like a bow, braided circle or Greek letters and are dressed with egg icing on top. Vanilla and sesame seeds are used for its elaboration.

Kourabiedes

In singular, kourabiesIt is also a butter cookie made from ground almonds. In its preparation there is usually a touch of brandy, usually metaxa, apart from vanilla, rose water or mastika (liquor flavored with mastic).

They are usually shaped like a ball, although other versions with a crescent or wavy shape are also found. It is a typical sweet of Greek Christmas.

Melomakarono

In plural melomakarona, it is a very typical Christmas candy. This cake is made from flour, honey and oil, although other main ingredients such as semolina, sugar, orange, brandy, etc. are also used. It is presented in the form of a ball.

Revani

The term revani It is of Turkish origin and in Greek it is well known with its original name and well with the form ravani.

It is a sweet typical of Greece and Turkey that consists of semolina in syrup. For its presentation, pine nuts, walnuts, grated coconut or an ice cream ball are usually added.

Tulumba

This dessert, also called tulumba tatlısı, is made with pieces of unleavened dough of a length not exceeding 10 cm. Each piece is given an ovoidal shape. They are fried in very hot oil and once they are fried they are poured syrup when they are still hot. They are served cold.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block “Typical dishes of the world“so you can continue reading:

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