To know the geography and political division of Peru it is necessary to have complete maps. In this article, we offer you detailed maps of different types and areas of the country, as well as interesting information about the country and some of its most prominent tourist places.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Peru is a country in South America that borders Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. The political division of this territory is composed of 24 departments and a Constitutional Province (Callao), areas that some people call regions. These are the departments and capital of each of them:
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In this political map with names you can see where each department and capital is located. As we can see, the largest department is Loreto:
Within the province of Lima, where the capital is located (also called Lima), we find 43 districts different. In this image we find those located in the interior of the province:
Peru has an area of 1,285,215 km², making it the third largest country in South America. The element that stands out most of its relief is the Andes mountain range.
This divides the country into three parts: the mountains, the coast and the jungle. The highest peak in the state is located in the mountains, Hascarán, with 6,768 m.a.s.l. The jungle is located in the east and is the largest part of the State.
Among the rivers that are born in Peru, we find the Amazon, which is the longest and largest in the world. In this physical map you can observe in detail the geography of the country:
Peru has 137,000 km of roads that connect all the major cities in the country. According to its National Highway System (SINAC), we find four different types of roads:
- International road network
- roads that connect with neighboring countries.
- National road network
- the three main axes, which are the coast, the mountains and the jungle.
- Departmental road network
- those that pass through a single department.
- Rural road network
- they connect the capitals of the provinces or the districts with smaller populations.
In this image you can see where the main roads of the country run and what towns they pass through:
In this original tourist map we find drawings of the main attractions of Peru and its location. Among them we have Machu Picchu, Arequipa, the Gocta and Nazca waterfall:
If we focus on Macchu Picchu, a surprising and mysterious town that was built before the fifteenth century, we can observe in this plane its shape and distribution:
In this map we find the territory of Peru and Bolivia in 1860 (19th century). In this year, both countries were already independent from Spain, so it had ended its colonial era:
As we can see, the territory of Peru has not always been the same, but has varied throughout its history. Therefore, it is interesting to find old maps that reflect how the country was in the past.
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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Prepare the trip"so you can continue reading: