Mexican customs come from both their indigenous peoples and the colonial era. Some of these are strange and surprising for foreigners who visit the country, since they are different from those they are used to seeing. In this article we tell you what are the most important traditions of Mexico.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
One of the most prominent celebrations in Mexico is the Day of the Dead, which takes place on November 1 and 2. According to belief, on this date deceased people return to the world. Its origin dates back to pre-Hispanic times and, later, it merged with the Catholic tradition.
Therefore, relatives prepare altars in their homes and bring flowers and food to the cemetery. In Aguascalientes, the Skull Festival is celebrated, in which an impressive parade is held.
Christmas comes in December. The first Christmas event is that of the Posadas, which are organized on the 16th of this month. At the end of the year, a succulent dinner is prepared, as well as a meal in the New Year. Also, January 6 is Kings Day, when children receive gifts from the Magi.
Among the National Holidays, also highlights the Independence Day, also known as Pain scream. It takes place on September 16, the day parades are organized and fireworks are fired.
In addition, there are other celebrations linked to the Catholic religion, the majority in the country, among which we find Holy Week, the Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe and the Day of the Candelaria.
In Mexico we find some food problems, since according to statistics from the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), Mexico is the second country with more people who are overweight.
In children, this fact also occurs, since there are 4 million young people with obesity. This is enhanced by the lack of exercise, as only 17% practice both sports and the WHO (World Health Organization) recommends, which indicates that the optimum is one hour a day.
As for gastronomic habits, half of Mexicans eat at least once a day away from home, especially in Mexico City. The breakfasts are quite complete. At lunchtime, four dishes are usually cooked, which are as follows:
- Rice or pasta
The dinners are lighter and the most consumed drinks are water and soft drinks. In recent years, the consumption of meat in women has decreased. However, you eat more chicken, because it is healthier. It is not common to eat fish, except for tuna. The basic products are corn, beans and chili.
If you want to know what are the typical dishes of the country, you can find them in this article: Typical dishes of Mexico.
In Mexican weddings, it is common for the bride to have two bouquets. The first is given to the Virgin after the religious ceremony. The other, throws it to single women, because according to tradition, who takes it will be the next to marry. Also, the woman does not wear pearls, because they bring bad luck.
During the wedding vows, the bride and groom are surrounded with a white bow that represents the union between them. In addition, the couple does drag delivery, in which they take 13 coins.
After the banquet, the ticket dance. In it, the newlyweds dance while friends and family hang up bills of the suit and dress. It is a way to raise money to cover some expenses.
Some indigenous populations of Mexico maintain their old customs. In the case of nahuas, consider corn as a sacred plant for which they offer offerings and rituals.
Another indigenous culture is the matlatzinca. Among its traditions we find the cure of some disorders such as the evil eye With traditional medicine. They also climb the peak of the Nevado de Toluca, where they celebrate rites to ask for rain.
If you are interested in knowing the traditions of other indigenous peoples, we recommend you read the following article: Indigenous communities of the world: customs and traditions.
Social and cultural practices
When greeting, Mexicans usually shake hands and women kiss their cheeks. They are close people who leave a short physical space when it comes to being with other people.
Punctuality is not too important and when talking with someone it is impolite to stay with your hands in your pockets, so you should avoid this practice.
Also, when you are shopping and you are going to pay the clerk, the money must be given in the hand, not over the counter. If done wrongly, it can be interpreted as a gesture of contempt.
Consumption and purchases
The population, due in part to economic instability, avoids impulse buying and is more responsible. It is common to resort to promotions and offers to try to save.
Although brands are not given great importance, buyers are true to the companies they use most. They also give relevance to the treatment given to them as customers.
As for home purchases, traditionally they have dealt with women, but today men have taken a more active role in this, so girls do not take full responsibility.
If we consider children and adults, Mexicans read an average of 5.3 books year. It is a positive figure, since it is the second country in Latin America that reads the most, behind Chile.
A typical literary figure of the country is that of the literary skulls. They usually write the Day of the Dead and are poems loaded with humor and sarcasm. They began to be written in the 19th century.
Currently, half of the population of Mexico uses the Internet. Most do it from home and use the laptop or the smartphone (a smartphone)
Within leisure time, the main cause for using the Internet is the management of some social networks such as Facebook. People use them to be able to communicate with their friends and be informed.
Regarding sexuality, according to some studies, more than half of Mexicans over 33 years of age practice this activity a minimum of twice a week. This average exceeds the world cup, which is 1.5.
People prefer to have sex during the weekend and the favorite part of the day is between ten at night and two in the morning. It also takes place more in winter.
When you are going to do business in Mexico, you have to address people for their job title, as doctor, professor or graduate. Therefore, it is important to know the basic information of each person.
It is possible that a meeting is canceled, so it is convenient to confirm the presence a few days before. In addition, if one of the parties is going to be late, it is not usually judged, because punctuality is not totally strict.
In order to sign an agreement, Mexicans need to take trust beforehand, so they show interest in others. They usually invite the person they are dealing with to eat, at which time they take the opportunity to meet them and not to talk about business.
15 year celebration
When a girl is going to turn 15, a party birthday high, which reflects the passage of the girl from childhood to adulthood.
In the early morning of the party of fifteen, a group of musicians or mariachis will sing to the house of the protagonist, a serenade is celebrated. Late in the morning, family and friends attend a special mass.
After this, it is the banquet's turn, in which acts such as the first toast or the Vals. The quinceañera usually prepares a choreography with her friends in order to surprise the guests.
During this day, the young woman wears an imposing dress, which can be colored or white. In addition, it is usually the first time she puts on makeup and puts on high heels.
Music and dances
The national dance of Mexico is Jarabe Tapatío. This one emerged at the end of the 19th century in Jalisco. In it, the man surrounds the woman, courting her, while she moves her skirt. In addition, both zapatean. In the following video you can see a demo:
As for music, the most famous is the mariachi. Mariachi groups are made up of two or more musicians and perform the songs with string instruments. The lyrics speak of love, whether for a woman or for the country, nature, etc.
In different parts of Mexico there are some superstitions that revolve around the birth of a baby. For example, he cannot go out in his first 40 days and the first exit must be to a church.
When family and friends go to visit the newborn, they receive a gift. If the baby is a boy, a cigar is given, while if it is a girl, chocolate is given away.
An act related to the Catholic religion is that of baptism. It consists of a mass in which the baby becomes part of the Church and is usually followed by a banquet.
Around half of the Mexican population practices some kind of sport, although it is more common in young people and men. The most frequent sports are soccer, going for a walk and running.
According to statistics, people do it more for health than pleasure. Also, most do on your own. Sport is more common in people with higher academic level and purchasing power.
Although some have already been lost, there are other customs of the past related to death that are still being practiced. For example, in Nueva León, a cross of quicklime is placed in the grave to protect the deceased from evil spirits.
Another tradition is to place a flat stone on the grave so that the soul of the deceased does not go to roam the earth. Although it is not so usual, they also used to hire mourners, women who were paid to cry at the funeral.
If you want to know more about death-related traditions in Latin America, we recommend the following article: Customs and behaviors in the face of death in Latin America.
This act is considered Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, as well as national sport of Mexico. The charreria it is the art of balancing on a horse.
Traditionally, it has been transmitted from generation to generation, although there are currently numerous associations and schools. The contests are called charred, and in them the charros or riders try to prove their skill.
Piñatas are usually found at birthdays and Christmas Inns. They are a kind of clay or cardboard vessels that are coated with colored papers. Inside, there are sweets, fruits or gifts.
Although today we find numerous models, the most popular is the piñata of peaks, which is shaped like a star. This has to be hit with the blindfold while the rest of the participants sing a popular song.
The Galician tradition is still in force in the country and in most of the fairs and festivals it is common for cockfights to be held. In these, two roosters face inside an enclosure called palenque.
During this activity, attendees bet money. To do this, a rooster is identified with the color green and another with the color red. This event moves large amounts of money.
One of the states where it is most practiced is in Michoacán. However, it is prohibited in other parts of the country, such as Mexico City, Sonora and Coahuila.
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