Preparing the plane trip: tips and troubleshooting

Traveling by plane can usually become a stressful and exhausting process for most travelers, since there are a number of fundamental steps that cannot be forgotten if we want everything to go well before, during and after our plane trip. Therefore, in the following we try to solve all these doubts.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Before the flight

If you are going to travel by plane, then we advise you to plan your trip in advance in order to avoid the stress and doubts that arise as the date approaches.

In this way, we can inform ourselves sufficiently in advance about the different aspects to be taken into account in the previous process.

To rest well before the trip, as well as not eating large amounts of food in the three hours prior to the flight is also essential, since we will avoid adding unnecessary nausea or fatigue during the flight.

In addition to all this, there are a number of relevant issues, such as documentation, seat selection or boarding pass, about which we inform you below.

Required Documentation

For domestic flights within Spain:

  • National passengers: National Identity Document (DNI) or passport (not necessarily in force), or Driving license issued in Spain.
  • European Union (EU) passengers / Schengen area (including Andorra and Liechtenstein): DNI or passport (not necessarily in force), Spanish Residence Permit or one of the Schengen Space States (in force), or driving license issued in Spain.
  • Third country passengers: National Identity Document (DNI) or passport (in force), Spanish Residence Permit or one of the Schengen Space States (in force), or Driving license issued in Spain.

For flights from Spain to EU / Schengen Area (including Andorra and Liechtenstein):

  • National passengers: Valid ID or passport. If you are a Spanish citizen and your destination is Austria, Germany, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Sweden, Malta, Monaco, Portugal or Switzerland, you can travel with your passport if it has been a maximum of five years since it expired .
  • European Union (EU) passengers / Schengen area (including Andorra and Liechtenstein): ID or passport (in force).
  • Third country passengers: Travel title or passport (in force).

For flights from Spain to third countries:

  • National passengers: Valid passport).
  • European Union (EU) passengers / Schengen area (including Andorra and Liechtenstein): Passport or Travel Title (in force).
  • Third country passengers: Passport or Travel Title (in force).

Below we list the European countries that are members of the Schengen Borderless Space:

  • A: Germany, Austria
  • B: Belgium
  • D: Denmark
  • E: Estonia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
  • F: France, Finland
  • G: Greece
  • H: Hungary
  • I: Iceland, Italy
  • L: Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg
  • M: Malta
  • N: Norway
  • P: Netherlands, Poland, Portugal
  • R: Czech Republic
  • S: Switzerland, Sweden

In contrast, the following European countries do not belong to the Schengen Area: Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Schengen visa

The citizens of Panama do not need a visa for stays of 90 days or less within the Schengen territory. For the rest, this is the documentation you will need if you come from countries outside the EU / Schengen Area and want to travel to a member country:

  • Short stay (less than 90 days): You will need a Schengen or short-term visa, which allows you to stay less than 90 days in the Schengen States. The Schengen visa issued by an Embassy or Consulate of any of the countries belonging to the Schengen Area is also valid if you travel to other member countries for the 90 days allowed.
  • Residence visa: If you are a foreign citizen (including Panama) and you want to move your place of residence to Spain or some other member country of the Schengen territory, you will have to apply for a residence visa.
  • Study Visa: If you are a foreign citizen and you are going to study, do internships or volunteer activities in Spain or some other member country of the Schengen territory for a period exceeding 90 days, you will have to apply for a study visa (except Panamanian citizens).

Choose the best seat

Most passengers are confused when choosing a seat on the plane, mainly because they do not know the characteristics of the aircraft in which they are going to travel.

In the case of low cost airlines, it is the airline itself that automatically assigns you the seat during the online purchase of the ticket, so that the passenger must comply with what they have to do unless they decide to pay a fee for Choose seat

If we are assigned a seat during the reservation and we have to sit as we enter the plane, we recommend that you arrive with in advance, because the sooner you board, the more seats there will be available from which to choose.

Choose the best seat to fly

In any case, if we are given the opportunity to choose a seat, we will have to have a number of aspects to find the best option, such as security, the space between the adjacent seat and ours, etc.

Many passengers give preference to the seats that are next to the window because they prefer to look through it and others opt for the seats located at the emergency exit, since these are usually wider, although everything depends on the aircraft in the one we travel, since it varies by airline.

Low cost tickets

When it comes to finding low cost tickets, it is essential that you start your search early, about two or three weeks in advance would be ideal. We also advise you to do without travel agencies if you want to reduce the cost of your trip: it is best to look on your own via the Internet, since it is the best way to find bargain deals.

Start searching for flights with time

In the same way, avoid traveling on weekends and holidays, since flights tend to be much more expensive on these dates because there is a greater demand. So, if you can, it is best to travel on weekdays, as well as avoid flights whose destination is major airports.

The cheapest flights land at secondary airports, although, in this case, you should also assess whether you are going to have to add the additional cost of another means of transportation to get from the airport to your final destination.

Billing and boarding pass

The boarding pass is the necessary document to board the plane, without which we will not be allowed to fly. This must be accompanied by your ID or passport, depending on our destination, as explained in the previous section (Required Documentation).

At present, the vast majority of airlines, both conventional and charter flights, have the option of Bill online in his web page.

Don't forget to print your boarding pass

The Online Billing It allows the passenger to print their boarding pass from home, without having to pick it up at the airport, where most airlines, especially low cost, will charge us an additional fee.

Another possibility that exists today is the mobile boarding pass, thanks to which we can carry our boarding pass on our smartphone without having to carry it on paper. To do this, we will have to install a special mobile application depending on the company we travel with.

Each passenger will have to carry their boarding pass. Therefore, our advice is that you do not forget to print it and take it to the airport on the day of departure of your flight, because it will be necessary both to check your luggage and to board the plane.

Checked Baggage

Each passenger can check one bag per way. Conventional airlines usually allow you to hire a baggage allowance, provided the suitcase meets a number of weight limitations.

However, in low-cost airlines this service is not free, so if we want to check one or two bags, we will have to pay an additional fee, in addition to meeting the requirements established in terms of maximum weight.

In the article Features of checked luggage in Ryanair You can check the regulations regarding the Ryanair airline.

Baggage allowance

For these reasons, we advise you to check well what is the weight allowed in the company with which you are going to travel if you do not want to take surprises at the airport or pay any extra fee for every extra kilo.

Hand luggage

Every passenger is entitled to a bulk of hand luggage per way for free, although it must have specific dimensions and weight that vary according to the airline and whether it is conventional or low cost. In addition to the dimensions, there are a number of items that are forbidden to transport in the cabin, such as:

  • Firearms
  • Acids and toxic
  • Sharp and sharp objects
  • Work utensils (eg saws or drills)

As for the liquid transport In the cabin, there is a specific regulation in this regard that is common for all flights, according to which liquids must be transported in a transparent and resealable plastic bag with a capacity not exceeding 1 liter. In addition, the containers of the items we carry inside may not contain more than 100 ml.

Check well that you meet the requirements established for hand luggage

Other items such as laptops, mobile phones, cameras, tablets, audio devices, etc. They are allowed in the cabin, as well as bringing food.

In these articles you can consult the specific regulations regarding hand luggage with Ryanair and EasyJet, the most popular low cost airlines in Europe:

  • Ryanair hand luggage
  • Hand luggage in EasyJet

Children traveling alone

In Spain, children are allowed to travel alone after 5 years. For these cases, the airlines have a child support service, thanks to which the company takes care of the child from the moment they arrive at the check-in counter until they arrive at the destination airport.

It is an existing service internationally and that consists of the delivery of a vest to the minor in which it puts the acronym UMWhat does it mean in English? unaccompanied minor (unaccompanied minor) and is recognized in all airports in the world.

Throughout the process, someone from the airline staff will be next to the child at all times.

Children traveling alone by plane

The procedure is done either during the online reservation or from the airline's reservation center at the airport and, for your request, it is essential to present:

  • Family Book
  • ID
  • Name and contact information of the person who identifies as legal guardian of the child

The data of the person who will be in charge at the destination airport must also be included in said request.

During flight

A large number of passengers feel fear or stress when traveling by plane, especially if it is the first time you do it. These fears may arise mainly due to ignorance of the security levels that currently exist in air traffic.

Long or transoceanic flights can also cause passengers a lot of nerves, since they will spend many hours inside the same aircraft. To overcome all these problems or discomforts, there are a number of measures you can take to relax before and during your flight, depending on the cause that causes it.

Tips for the plane ride

Fear to fly

The fear of flying or aerophobia it is the fear or phobia of traveling by plane, which is caused by a considerable increase in anxiety levels. In many cases, it is caused because the passenger previously suffered from claustrophobia, that is, fear of being in small spaces, or acrophobia or fear of heights.

It is estimated that currently one in three passengers suffers from this phobia, so the different airlines have begun to give free courses so that their customers lose this fear, which represents a problem especially for those people who must travel for reasons professionals, in which case air transport is inevitable.

In the most extreme cases of aerophobia, the air passenger may have symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, vomiting or panic attacks. Many people lose this fear or much of it after being thoroughly informed about what it is to travel by plane. Upon knowing the existing security measures and how the process works, the passenger calms down and the fear disappears problem.

Fear to fly


Turbulence is air movements that normally cannot be seen, in which case they are called clear air movements. They may be due to:

  • Adverse weather conditions
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Close step of a jet engine
  • Storms

In general, the turbulence that can be experienced on short or medium-distance flights is light or moderate, so if they occur, you should remain calm because you are not in danger.

In case they are of more intensity and need some assistance, modern airplanes are equipped for such situations.

Long flights

A flight is considered long-lasting or transoceanic when its duration exceeds 10 hours. So many hours within the same space can affect us emotionally or even cause fatigue, so if we are going to make a flight of being characteristic, we will have to take a series of measures.

One of the main ones would be to choose a seat, so that we select one in which we can feel comfortable during the journey and even sleep if we are tired. The most important is not lose patience during the journey and, of course, not in a hurry to arrive.

Do not lose patience during long flights


When the plane reaches a certain height, the natural atmospheric pressure is too low to supply enough oxygen to the occupants of the plane.

For this reason, it is necessary to pressurize the aircraft, that is, the constant pumping of compressed air in the cabin, in order to ensure the safety and comfort of the occupants during the journey.

The usual earache and other discomforts such as tooth ache or fatigue can cause this pressurization.


Pregnant women can travel by plane without problems until 36 weeks of pregnancy unless their doctor tells them otherwise, have had a premature delivery before or have a complication such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Loss of blood
  • Hypertension
  • High tension
  • Risk of placental abruption

Also in the cases of twin or multiple pregnancy It is advisable to postpone the trip whenever possible.

Pregnant women on board

Heart problems

During a flight, the passenger must remain seated for a period of time in an environment where there is less oxygen to which we are accustomed to the ground, so that the heart is forced to pump more blood more blood throughout the organism.

This can lead to problems, such as an increase in blood pressure or difficulty breathing, in people who suffer or have suffered problems related to the heart.

In the most extreme cases, a blood clot may even form in a vein. In any case, if you have heart problems, we recommend check with your doctor If you should travel by plane or not.

Heart problems

After the trip

After the journey, there are a number of aspects that must be taken into account to complete our flight successfully. First, if we have checked in luggage, we will have to pick it up at the destination airport. However, there are cases in which for different reasons, airlines may miss our luggage.

If, on the contrary, our flight has not been carried out and has been canceled, we must also be informed about the steps that must be followed to reimburse us for the money on our ticket or grant us any other compensation. We inform you about these aspects below.

Arrival at the destination airport

Jet lag

Jet lag is a sensation that the air passenger experiences especially after a long-term flight and is due to travel in a few hours to a destination that is many kilometers away.

Also called time zone syndrome or circadian dysrhythmia, among the symptoms of jet lag we highlight: headache, tiredness, sleep, etc. In general, the intensity level of the jet lag we suffer will increase the more time zones we pass until we reach the country of destination.

Jet lag or time zone syndrome

Lost luggage

In case of loss, delay or deterioration of checked luggage, the airline is obliged to take responsibility for all such inconvenience.

If this is your case, do not hesitate to go to the counter of the airline with which you have traveled and request a Baggage Irregularity Part (PIR), for which you will need, among other information, the billing number of your suitcase.

Apart from the PIR, you must also fill out a claim sheet to record the damage that the corresponding airline may have caused you.

Lost or damaged checked baggage

Claim for flight cancellation

If your flight is canceled, it is delayed more than 5 hours or if you are denied boarding because there is an overbooking, you are entitled to a refund of the amount of your ticket or to be offered an alternative route in conditions comparable to those of your original flight.

In any case, these rights are subject to the regulations established by each airline, so it is best to consult the specific regulations of the airline with which you are going to travel.

In this article, we show you the rights in case of cancellation offered by Ryanair: Ryanair flight cancellations.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Travel by airplane"so you can continue reading:

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