Visiting Rome is an excellent idea for history and architecture lovers. It is an ideal city to visit at any time of the year. In this Spanish tourist guide you will find useful tips, as well as the most recommended places and most recommended itineraries in the city.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
- 1 information
- 2 What to see and do
- 3 Neighborhoods
- 4 Surroundings
- 5 Itineraries
- 6 How to get
- 7 When to travel
The historical background of tourism takes us to Imperial Rome, as it was one of the first places where it began to be practiced. Therefore, it is not surprising that tourism is one of the great pillars of Rome, since every year it receives almost 9 million visitors.
The requirements To visit Italy vary depending on the place of origin. In the case of Spain, only the DNI is necessary, but other countries such as Colombia need a passport, while others must apply for a visa as well. To learn more, visit the following article: Tips, documentation and requirements to travel to Italy.
If you decide to visit Rome and want to know the city in the best possible way, you should know that there are a lot of tour guides in Spanish. Some are even free and are kept based on tips. Therefore, you can get to know Rome without knowing Italian.
It is a good idea to visit the city as a family, as it is a destination that is interesting to children and teenagers. In addition, children under 9 enter free public transport, as well as some museums.
If you travel with a baby, you should keep in mind that the streets are cobbled and some areas are difficult to access, therefore it is advisable not to carry a cart. As for the elderly and disabled, they may also have some difficulty, but there are special itineraries, as well as adapted buses.
Nor do you need to leave your pet at home, since it is allowed to stay with a dog in some hotels. They can also go on the subway, provided they are small or medium sized and have their own ticket. Unfortunately, they cannot access museums and attractions.
Rome is a very popular destination, therefore the big travel agencies, such as Falcon Travel or Nautalia, offer interesting scheduled trips. However, it is also easy to organize the trip to go for free.
You should know that in Rome you pay a tourism rate, which is € 3 per night if you stay in a four or five star hotel and € 2 if you do it in a lower category.
Although it is a relatively expensive city, since it is the capital of the country and an important tourist center, it is possible to travel with little money, and even backpacking, since we find a good offer of hostels and establishments low cost.
As for transport, Rome has a metro, bus and tram. Tourists can purchase the card Roma Pass, with which it is possible to use unlimited transport. Its price is € 28 for 48 hours and € 38.5 for 72. It also includes discounts and museum passes.
Throughout 2016, Italy suffered some earthquakes. However, none caused damage in Rome, so you can continue traveling to the capital safely.
The opinions of people who have already visited the city are positive. Gastronomy and historical monuments stand out, since it is a destination with an important heritage, so some people prefer it in front of other capitals such as Paris or London.
If you want to receive information in Spain, you can go to the Madrid Tourist Office, which is located at 120 Serrano Street. In Barcelona there is no headquarters and the only official building is the Consulate General, which is on Mallorca Street , 270.
In addition, there are different Applications (app) for your mobile and tablet. You can also find different guides in format ePub, ideal to carry in your eBook.
In the following tourist map you can see the location of the Colosseum in Rome, as well as nearby attractions and metro connections. You can buy one at the tourist offices of the city or on the official website of which we have spoken.
What to see and do
Rome is full of buildings of great value, both for lovers of history and for those of architecture. Although it is difficult to choose a few, here are the 10 essential tourist places on your first visit to the city.
It is the most famous building. It was built in the first century, and was used for almost 500 years. It had a capacity of 50,000 people and gladiatorial fights were taking place.
Its closing hours vary from month to month, but the building opens every day at 08:30. The price for adults is € 12 and, for young people in the European Union between 18 and 24 years, € 7.5. For children under 17 of the European Community, admission is free.
They are the remains of the central area of the Roman Empire. In this part were the market, places of worship and government institutions.
Its buildings include the Arch of Titus and the Via Sacra, a path that crosses the Forum and reaches the Colosseum.
It is a square full of sculptures, fountains and important buildings. The most prominent source is that of the Four Rivers, built by Bernini. Until the 19th century, in summer the square was flooded to become the so-called «Lake of the Navona Square».
Pantheon of Agrippa
It is a large circular-plan temple built in the second century, in which important architectural innovations were applied. Stresses its great dome. King Victor Manuel II is buried in it.
Admission is free and open every day: Monday to Saturday from 8:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. and Sundays from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Therefore, it has a wide schedule, perfect for tourists.
Fontana di Trevi
It stands out for its dimensions, since it is forty meters wide. It is the most monumental source of the Baroque. It is located in what was the end of an important aqueduct of the city.
The fountain is headed by a sculpture of Neptune on a float guided by two newts. Tourists throw at it from one to three coins, which makes each year around one million euros collected from its interior.
It is one of the most beautiful squares in Rome. It is located in the neighborhood with the best streets for shopping: Campo Marzio. Impress its long staircase, in which tourists and locals tend to sit. In it, even a fashion show takes place.
In the center of the square we find the Barge Fountain, also made by Bernini, this time with the help of his son, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Despite being in the interior of Rome, since 1929 it is an independent state. The Vatican is the seat of the Catholic Church. It has a total of 900 inhabitants and 20% of its territory is occupied by the Plaza de San Pedro.
This square is the center of the Vatican City. In it a great obelisk from Egyptian was placed. Its measurements are 320 meters long and 240 meters wide.
It is surrounded by colonnades, in which we can find a total of 140 statues made by Bernini. From here you can access the Basilica of San Pedro. In addition to the large buildings, its gardens are beautiful. It is a place of pilgrimage and the center of religious tourism.
Victor Manuel II Monument
This large marble construction, completed at the beginning of the 20th century, is 135 meters wide and 70 meters high. It has always been a source of debate, due to its contrast with nearby monuments.
This great monument is also known as the Altar of the Fatherland. In it is the grave of an unknown soldier in which there is a flame of fire that never goes out.
At 450 meters we find Trajan's Column, a monument 38 meters high and 40 tons in weight. It tells two victories against the Dacians achieved by Emperor Trajan.
This square was designed by Michelangelo. In the center is the equestrian statue of Marco Aurelio. To access it you have to climb a stairway known as «The Capitoline Cordonata«.
St. Peter's Basilica in Vincoli
Inside is one of the most important sculptures in the history of art, the Moses of Michelangelo, which crowns the mausoleum of Pope Julius II. This Moses has horns on his head, which is said to have been caused by a translation error.
Other attractions and activities
If it is your second visit to the city, or you want to discover a non-tourist place, which almost nobody sees, we recommend you go to Orange Garden, which is located on Mount Aventine, one of the seven hills that make up Rome. From here there are privileged views, ideal to enjoy the sunset.
Another little known attraction is the Cestia Pyramid, built in 12 BC. It is an Egyptian-style pyramid that measures 36 meters high and 30 meters wide and houses the tomb of a praetor, a senior Roman Empire.
Also, dare to visit the Mouth of Truth and reach into it. It is a marble sculpture in the form of a giant mask. According to legend, when someone was accused of lying, he put his hand in his mouth. If he lied, the top of it would fall off and break the liar's hand.
The more adventurous can not miss the catacombs, some galleries that are underground and in which some inhabitants were buried between the second and fifth centuries. In them, inscriptions and frescoes are still preserved. There are five open to the public. Those of San Sebastián have an extension of 12 km.
Rome is a city with important museums. The Capitoline Museums and the Vatican Museums, where we find sculptures such as "Laocoon and his children" and the famous fresco "The School of Athens", by Rafael. In addition, you can take the opportunity to enter the Sistine Chapel.
Although to access many attractions you must paste an entry, there are also places where you can access free, such as Villa Borghese or Circus Maximus, where there is no need to queue.
Keep in mind that on the last Sunday of each month, the Vatican Museums are free. The rest of Sundays, they remain closed. On the other hand, the rest of the museums close on Mondays.
When the sun goes down in Rome, things to see or do don't stop. There are various walking tours to discover the most beautiful areas at night. If you want a little walking, we recommend the Testaccio neighborhood, where pubs and entertainment venues are concentrated.
The little ones are usually surprised with the big buildings like the Colosseum. However, there are sites dedicated exclusively to them, such as Explore, a museum aimed at children. Another option is to make a bicycle route with the whole family.
Rome is made up of a total of 17 neighborhoods. However, the main ones for your visit to the city, in addition to those already mentioned, are the following:
It is the bohemian area. It highlights the Piazza di Santa Maria. Its narrow cobbled streets give it a special charm. In him the best restaurants of the city are located.
It is a neighborhood where many foreign people live, since it is the Academy of Spain and two American private universities: John Cabot University and The American University of Rome.
Its center is the Navona Square, which we have already talked about. Nor can you miss the Plaza ’Fiori Field, in which every morning, from Monday to Saturday, there is a market.
This square is named that way because until the 15th century a flower meadow was located instead. It was built because it was to become a place of passage for illustrious and powerful people, since important buildings were built near it.
From 1555 to the 19th century, Jews were isolated in this neighborhood, which resulted in the stacking of homes. Their restaurants are known kosher and the Turtles Fountain.
On the border is the Plaza Largo di Torre Argentina, where Julio César was murdered in 44 B.C. Also, in this square we find the remains of the Pompey Theater and four republican Roman temples.
It is the most central hill and one of the oldest parts. According to legend, here is the cave of the wolf that nursed Romulus and Remus. Some houses of the upper class of the Roman Empire are preserved, such as that of Octavio Augusto.
A hill further away is that of Monte Sacro, known and visited by Venezuelans, since in it the military Simón Bolívar took an oath for the freedom of Venezuela.
The area preferred by young people. It is full of art galleries and craft workshops. It highlights the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore and that of San Pedro Advíncula.
It is considered the first neighborhood or rione from Rome Its name is due to the fact that in ancient times four different hills were within its territory, which are said in Italian monti.
It is necessary to spend enough days in Rome to know it deeply. However, if you have time, you can take the opportunity to visit other interesting places in Italy.
Only 25 kilometers from the capital is located Tivoli, where we found Villa Adriana, which belonged to Adriano and was the largest villa of all the emperors had. Another nearby destination is Civitavecchia, which takes an hour by train.
If you want to go further, there are many combined trips in which to visit the most important Italian cities: Florence, Venice, Pisa and Pompeii. There are even tours that take a tour of Italy and the Holy Land (Galilee, Jerusalem, etc.).
Another option is to spend the day at Naples. From the station I finished trains depart less than two hours to arrive. In this way, you can take the opportunity to also visit the Island of Capri.
A further alternative is that of Reggio Calabria. The train journey is a minimum of five hours, since the distance between Rome and this coastal city is 700 kilometers.
If you have come from afar and want to take advantage of your stay to get to know the Mediterranean better, a nearby country is Greece. From Rome there are cheap flights to Athens, Thessaloniki and Crete, among other destinations.
Depending on the time you are going to spend in the city, you have some possibilities or others. If you are going to be a weekend of two or three days, our advice is that you visit the 10 essential places that we have talked about above.
If you are going to stay in the city for five or six days, you can do some more different activity, such as visiting the catacombs. If you have more than a week, take an excursion around Rome.
On the other hand, if you are from cruise and you will only spend a few hours in the city, then take a tourist bus to know the most important, which will only take you one morning or afternoon.
Depending on your tastes, you can also organize a more specific itinerary. History lovers have it easy, since a tour of the urban center allows you to see the most important jewels of architecture.
Rome is also visited by practitioners of religious tourism. If this is your case, these are the most important churches in the city:
- Basilica of Santa Maria la Mayor
- Basilica of Saint Peter
- Basilica of San Clemente
- Basilica of Saint Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs
- Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
- St. John's Basilica
If alternative tourism is what you want and you want to make a different itinerary, modern buildings abound in Rome. Among them, Maxxi stands out, the National Museum of Art of the 21st Century. You can also see the graffiti of MURo, the Museum of Urban Art, and those of the Torpignattara and Ostiense neighborhoods.
It is also possible to know the most sustainable areas of the city, its parks. There are a lot of gardens responsible for the environment. The ones that stand out are the following:
- Villa Borghese
- Villa Ada
- Villa Torlonia
- Villa Pamphili
- Villa Cleimontana
How to get
As the saying goes, all roads reach Rome, so you can travel to the city by different means. It is not advisable to go by car, since the center is limited to residents and it is difficult to park, unless you do it outside.
If you plan on going on mobile home, the capital has different parking areas and campsites connected to the tourist center by public transport. If you come by train from another city, you will arrive at the station I finished, perfectly linked with the rest of the city.
Likewise, Rome has two airports: Leonardo da Vinci International Airport, known as Fiumicino, and Giovanni Battista Pastine or Campino Airport, to which companies arrive low cost Like Ryanair
If you are from Spain, a good number of cities have direct flights. Among them we find Madrid, Alicante, Barcelona and Valencia. From others like Seville or Zaragoza, sometimes it is necessary to change.
From South America, depending on the country we can find direct flights, such as Buenos Aires (Argentina), or flights with a stopover, such as from Montevideo (Uruguay).
Most of the cruises that pass through Italy, among which those of the Grimaldi company stand out, stop at Civitavecchia. As we have said, the best option to get from the port to Rome is to take a train to the station I finished, although the bus option is also available.
When to travel
Rome boasts of having a Mediterranean climate. The mildest temperatures occur in spring and autumn. However, at this time there are many rains. Some plans for rainy days are to visit a covered market like Eataly, buy at Alberto Sordi Gallery or enter a museum.
Winter is mild, although sometimes there are extreme changes and snow. In addition, strong winds are common. Therefore, warm clothing should be worn, as well as comfortable and insulating footwear.
As for the summer, it is hot, but very humid. It is best to bring fresh clothes, but keep in mind that to enter the Vatican there is a special code of dress Do not forget to have water on hand to hydrate.
Therefore, the best months to visit Rome are May, June, September and October, as temperatures are mild and there are not as many tourists as in July and August. You can also take advantage of some parties, such as Easter and Christmas, to enjoy the city with a special atmosphere.
This article has been shared 54 times.
Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Prepare the trip"so you can continue reading: