The flags of Africa: images and capital of each country

In Africa we found a total of 54 countries. Each of them has its own flag, which is related to the history of the territory. In this article, you will find the flags of each State sorted in alphabetical order, as well as the capital of each.


The Republic of Angola is located in southern Africa and its capital is Luanda. The colors of its flag represent Africa (black) and the blood shed for independence (red).

As for the central symbol, the gear refers to the workers of the industry, the machete to the peasants and the star to the solidarity international.


In the north we find Algeria, whose capital is Algiers. This country has about 40,400,000 inhabitants. The white of the flag refers to purity and, green and crescent, to Islam.


The capital of the Republic of Benin is Porto Novo. The green of his flag represents hope, yellow abundance and red courage. It was reimplanted in 1990 after the fall of the communist regime.


The flag of Botswana is one of the few in the continent in which the colors of the Pan-Africanism nor of any political party. The capital of the country is Gaborone.

Pan-Africanism is a movement that seeks the union of all the peoples of Africa and the defense of their rights.

Burkina Faso

In Burkina Faso, the capital is Ouagadougou and the official language is French, although more languages ​​are spoken. The colors used in its flag are those of Pan-Africanism.


Burundi is a small country whose capital is Bujumbura. On its flag, the stars represent the three ethnic groups Majority of the country: hutus, the twas and the Tutsi.

Cape Verde

Cape Verde comprises a group of islands of the Atlantic Ocean and its capital is Praia. The stars of the flag refer to the ten major islands of this State and the blue to the ocean and the sky.


The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé. This country has more than 22,500,000 inhabitants and has had this flag since 1975. The yellow color was chosen by the sun and the bed sheet, the green by the jungles and the red by the unit.


Chad is a country that is located in central Africa and whose capital is N'Djamena. Its flag is a combination between the flag of France, former colonizer, and the colors of Pan-Africanism.


The capital of Unión de las Comoros, a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, is Moroni. The stars and the colored stripes refer to the four islands They form it.


In Republic of the Congo, whose capital is Brazzaville, the official languages ​​are French, the kikongo and the lingala. The red of its flag symbolizes the struggle for freedom, green nature and yellow the richness of nature.

Ivory Coast

Yamusukro is the capital of Ivory Coast, a country with around 23 million inhabitants. Its flag is inspired by that of France, although its colors are related to the natural resources and philosophy of this territory.


The capital of Egypt, a country located to the north, is Cairo. In the center of its flag we can find the official shield of this State, which is formed by a golden eagle whose name is Saladin Eagle.


In Eritrea, with capital in Asmara, live around 4.7 million people. They have the image flag since 1995, which belonged to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Eritrea, the movement that fought for the country's independence.


Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and its capital is Adis Ababa. In the center of its flag we find the shield of the country. In it, the five-pointed star reflects the equality between men and women.


Gabon, or as its official name, Gabon Republic, has as capital Libreville. The green color of its flag represents the flora, the yellow the sunlight and the blue the Atlantic Ocean.


Although the largest city in the Gambia is Serekunda, the capital is Banjul. The colors of its flag refer to the following: red to the savannah, blue to the Gambia River and green to the forest.


The capital of Ghana is in Accra. This country, in the past, was known as Gold Coast due to the presence of this element. On its flag, the black star is identified with the freedom of Africa.


Guinea, formerly known as French Guinea, has its capital in Conakri. More than 9,400,000 people live in this country. On its flag, each color represents a word of the anthem, red is Job, the yellow Justice and the green Solidarity.


Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau, a state with less than one and a half million inhabitants. In 1973 they adopted the following flag, which is based on that of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC).

Equatorial Guinea

Although the capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, the most populous city is Bata. In the center of the flag of this small country we can observe its shieldwhose main element is the silk cotton tree.


Kenya, with capital in Nairobi, is located in the east of the continent. This flag is the official one of the country since 1963. Its shield symbolizes the defense of freedom.


Lesotho, whose capital is Maseru, is a state that is located within another country, South Africa. In the center of your flag we can see the traditional hat, he Mokorotlo, which corresponds to ethnicity basotho.


The flag of Liberia is similar to that of the United States, but in it we find eleven stripes and not thirteen. This is because the country was formed with former slaves from the United States. Its capital is Monrovia.


The capital of Libya, located in North Africa, is Tripoli. This country has a population of around 5.7 million inhabitants. The stripes of the flag symbolize the provinces of the State: Tripolitania, Cirenaica and Fezán.


Madagascar is an island that is located east of the continent, in the Indian Ocean, and whose capital is Antananarivo. The red and white colors of its flag are those belonging to the Kingdom of Merina, the State that existed before the territory became a French colony.


Malawi is a landlocked country with its capital Lilongwe. Formerly, this State was called Nyasaland. The rising sun of the flag represents the dawn of the hope and freedom for Africa.


The capital of Mali is Bamako. This area approved its current flag in 1961. In it, green represents hope and meadows, yellow mineral resources and red blood shed by the country.


To the north of Africa we find Morocco, with capital in Rabat. On its flag, the background is red, the color of Muhammad's descendants, and the five-pointed star is the Seal of Solomon.


Mauritius is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean whose capital is Port Louis. The meaning of each color of its flag is as follows: red is the blood spilled in the struggle for independence, blue is the Indian Ocean, yellow the light of independence and green vegetation.


In the northwest is Mauritania, which proclaimed Naukchot as the capital of the country. The yellow of its flag represents the Sahara desert, while the moon and the star are symbols of Islam.


Maputo is the capital of Mozambique, located in southeastern Africa. Its flag is the only one in the world in which we can see a modern rifle, specifically the AK-7 model.


Namibia was known until 1960 as Southwest Africa. Its capital is Windhoek. The blue, red and green colors of its flag are the most important for the majority town in the area, the ovambo.


Niger is a country that has no coast and whose capital is Niamey. On its flag we can see three different elements: the orange band, which represents the Sahara, the green one, which is hope, the white one is purity and the circle refers to the Sun.


The capital of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, located in the Gulf of Guinea, is Abuja. To decide the official flag, in 1959 they organized a contest in which 2,870 different projects were presented.

Central African Republic

In the Central African Republic, whose capital is Bangui, we find one of the most flags colorful of the continent. This is because in it we find the colors of both the flag of France and those that represent Pan-Africanism.

Democratic Republic of Congo

Although its name is quite similar, the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are different countries. The capital of the latter is Kinasa and its flag has been in force since 2006.


In Central Africa we find Rwanda, whose capital is Kigali. On its flag, yellow represents economic growth, green prosperity and blue represents optimism.

Sao Tome and Principe

This group of islands, with capital in Sao Tome, is located in the Gulf of Guinea. The two stars of its flag represent unity with the rest of the countries of the continent.


Senegal is a country with more than 12.5 million inhabitants and its capital is Dakar. The flag of the image is the official one since 1960 and in it the Pan-African colors have been used.


The Seychelles are a set of 115 islands that have the capital in Victoria. Its original flag wants to represent that it is a country that is in constant movement towards the future.

Sierra Leone

The capital of Sierra Leone is Freetown. This State has a total of 6,270,000 inhabitants. On its flag, green symbolizes natural resources, blue, sea and white, unity and justice.


The Federal Republic of Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa and its capital is Mogadishu. Its flag is the same color as that of the United Nations as thanks for the help received during his independence from Italy.


Swaziland is a state located in the south that has about one million inhabitants. In the center of the flag we find a shield and two spears, which symbolize the defense against the enemy. This country has two capitals: Mbabane and Lobamba.

South Africa

The capital of South Africa, a country with a population of almost 53 million, is Cape Town. Its flag was approved in 1994, after the apartheid. Officially, colors have no particular meaning.

He apartheid It was a system of separation between white and black people, who had fewer rights.


Sudan, also known as North sudan, is located in the northeast of the continent. This country set its capital in Khartoum and has more than 34 million inhabitants. Its flag has been in force since 1970.

South Sudan

The capital of South Sudan is Yuba. Its flag is of recent creation, since it is official since 2005. In it we observe the star of Bethlehem, which symbolizes the Union of the whole territory.


Dodoma is the capital of Tanzania. On the flag, the color green refers to agriculture, blue to the Indian Ocean, yellow to mining wealth and black to the population.


The capital of the Togolese Republic is Lomé. Its flag was set in 1960, after the independence of France. The colors are those of Pan-Africanism, although its distribution is similar to that of the Liberia standard.


The capital of Tunisia receives the same name as the country, which is the smallest in the Maghreb. On its flag we find the moon and star of Islam and the Ottoman Empire.

The Maghreb is the northern part of the African continent and covers the territories of Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania and Libya.


Uganda has a population of around 34.6 million people. A crest crane is represented on its flag, a symbol chosen during British rule to represent the country. Its capital is Kampala.


Djibouti is the name of this country and at the same time of its capital. This small state is located in the Horn of Africa and has less than one million inhabitants. Its flag has been in force since 1977.


On the flag of Zambia, with capital in Lusaka, a Eagle, which reflects the ability of people to overcome the country's problems.


When it was a British colony, Zimbabwe was called Southern Rhodesia. On its flag is the Zimbabwean bird, the national symbol, which represents a sculpture that was found in some ruins. The capital of the country is Harare.

Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "History"so you can continue reading:

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