Culture and traditions

The typical Chinese costume: traditional men's and women's clothing

An essential part of Chinese culture is traditional dress. Over the years, different traditional costumes were developed in the country, some of which are still used today. In this article, we show you his images and describe their characteristics.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.


Although the following suits were designed in the past, they are still used today, either on special occasions such as the New Year or on a day-to-day basis:


He qipao It was created during the Qing dynasty (17th-20th century), starring the Manchu ethnic group. This forced the inhabitants, both men and women, to wear this clothing.

Since then, its use has been extended, although finally only the women. Although the Qing dynasty ended in 1912, this garment is used by a large part of the population.

It is a straight one-piece suit. Before it reached the feet, the sleeves were long and not tight. It was made of natural silk and had cuts on the sides. Another distinctive element was the neck.

The color red is the one that is usually chosen for celebrations, as it symbolizes good luck.

In the twentieth century it is modernized. From then on, the qipao It is more tight, can reach the knee and there are models of suspenders. In addition, for informal occasions, other materials such as wool or velvet are used. It is also called cheongsam.


He hanfu It is a dress for men and women that began to be used in the Han dynasty, in the third century B.C. It was used throughout the history of China, until the Qing dynasty forbade it. This garment influenced the creation of the Japanese kimono.

The most characteristic element of hanfu are their wide sleeves. It has two parts: a tunic that reaches the knee (yi) and a narrow skirt to the ankles (chang).

The men accompanied him with a hat, which could be of various types. As for women, they used to wear ornaments on their hair more or less abundantly. Underneath he wore a white suit called zhongyi.

Nowadays it is taking more and more, because it is part of the Chinese culture. In addition to being used in historical reenactments and religious ceremonies, designers are influenced by him to create modern garments. In this video, we can see different traditional models:


He changshan It is an elegant suit usually of men that was installed at the end of the Qing dynasty. It is made up of pants and a jacket called tangzhuang. It can be of different colors.

Currently, it is used for important events such as the New Year or weddings. Also, for some men it is still the burial clothes, when they wear a changshan And a black hat.

Ancient china

Throughout the history of China, different clothes have been worn. These are some that were used in the past, but not today:


He pien-fu it was worn in the Han dynasty and was a garment ceremonial. It was formed by a robe to the knees and a skirt or pants to the ankles.

It was accompanied by a hat known as pien and, in addition, a wide bow could be worn at the waist, although it was optional.


Shenyi was used during the Ming dynasty, between the 14th and 17th centuries, although it was also used in other dynasties. The fabric was made with ramie, an Asian plant.

The sleeves were wide and carried with a sash. The upper part was formed by four panels, which symbolized the seasons, and the lower part by twelve, representing the twelve months of the year.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Cultural diversity"so you can continue reading:

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