Culture and traditions

The typical costumes of Spain by autonomous communities

In each autonomous community of Spain we find different regional costumes. In this article, we talk about the traditional dress of each area of ​​the country, which, although not used on a day-to-day basis, does dress on special days. In addition, you can see images of the models for both men and women.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.


In each province of Andalusia we can find a different suit. For example, in Córdoba stands out the one of camper, in which he wears a black skirt or pants, a white shirt and a red sash.

However, the most famous dress is the flamenco dress, although, in origin, its name is that of gypsy costume. This consists of a long and fitted dress with frills, which is accompanied with a shawl. As for the hair, they have it collected.

The short suit is typical of men. This is composed of a white shirt, a short jacket, pants and, sometimes, a vest. Around the waist a girdle is placed and on the head a Cordovan hat, that is to say, of wide brim.

In the following image you can see a drawing of the two regional costumes of this community:


The traditional clothing of Madrid is that of chulapo and chulapa, which comes from the 19th century. The date on which we can see Madrid people with this clothing is May 15, in San Isidro, although it is also used for other holidays.

The woman wears a tight cotton dress with frills on the bottom. This one is usually white and decorated with polka dots or rhombuses. They also wear a manila shawl for warmth and a white headscarf.

Chulapos wear dark pants called wing, a white shirt and a vest. On the flap of the vest they wear a carnation and on the neck a white handkerchief.


The typical Catalan woman costume consists of a gandalla or net of thread for the head, a white shirt, a tablecloth to cover the shoulders, petticoats and skirt. A black apron is usually worn on top of it. In the arms are put some nets of thread called mitenes.

As for man, the fundamental piece is the barretina: a red and black hat. They also wear a white shirt, a I played or velvet vest, a sash and black velvet pants. All wear esparto espadrilles.

Castilla la Mancha

In each province of Castilla la Mancha we find a different variety of typical clothing, which is inspired by that of the 18th and 19th centuries. For example, in Toledo stands out the one of lizard. In addition, there are two types: the slaughter (the daily) and the Sunday (the elegant).

Focusing on Sunday, the woman wears a refajo or cloth skirt, a doublet or black bodice, a mandrel or silk apron and a shawl. As for the socks, they can be white or colored stripes.

The male model is characterized by a white shirt and a dark colored vest and pant (pants). Also, a short jacket and a leather or velvet belt are added.

Canary Islands

The generalized female costume in the Canary Islands consists of a white blouse, a doublet colored or embroidered, a long striped skirt (under it, petticoats are worn), and sometimes an apron. The head is covered with a blanket or a hat.

Men wear a white shirt with a doublet or vest The pants or panties reach the knee and, attached to the waist, a sash is worn.

There are some elements that are characteristic of each island. For example, in Tenerife they use the Esperancera blanket to wrap up warm. On the other hand, in Gran Canaria, women usually wear a felt hat.

Galicia and Asturias

The traditional costume of Galicia is what the peasants used at the beginning of the 20th century. The women wear a long skirt with black ribbons on the hem and on top of it an apron or mandrel black. On top, a white blouse, a vest and a dengue (a black cape that crosses in the chest).

Men wear white shirts, vests, black shorts and leggings: a kind of cloth that goes from the knee to the feet. Also, a girdle is fitted at the waist.

Asturias dress is similar to this one. However, something that stands out is that in this area the skirt or skirt is usually red or green.

Basque Country

One of the traditional costumes of the Basque Country is that of bastard. The woman wears petticoats, a red skirt with a black or blue cloth over it and a black apron. The back is covered with a black and white cloth, in addition to a mantle. On the head they put a handkerchief and on the feet espadrilles.

Basque men wear blouses and pants of the same color, white shirt, belt and wool socks. The head is covered with a txapela: a kind of beret typical of the area.

Valencian Community

In Valencia we find the suit of fallera, used mostly during the Fallas festival, in March. The women who wear it are printed skirts with floral motifs, bodice of the same fabric, apron and tablecloth for the shoulders In addition, hair is collected in a bun and combs are placed.

Men or falleros have different options. One of them is to wear black pants and short jacket, a white shirt and a colored sash.

In Alicante a similar dress is worn but with different nuances. For example, women, who are called ladies, cover your head with a blanket. The most important holiday in this city is in June and is known as San Juan's bonfires.

The Rioja

In La Rioja we find several different models, although one of the most prominent is that of Albelda de Iregua. Usually, men wear a white shirt, two colored ribbons tied on each side and four ribbons on the arms, as well as a colored scarf on the neck.

On the other hand, the woman wears a shirt equal to that of the man. To this are added some bloomers (shorts) white knee length wearing colored ribbons and lace, in addition to a red sash.


Aragon's traditional costume is that of baturro and baturra. This one has two different models: the diary and the gala. In the case of everyday life, the woman's wear a refajo covered by a cotton skirt, an apron, a white blouse or chambra and a cotton cloak.

The man wears black knee-length pants, white shirt, vest and girdle, which is usually red. The head is covered with a cachirulo, which is a checkered scarf.


The folkloric dress of Murcia has some elements of Islamic origin. The female model is composed of a bodice, refajo or colored skirt, white shirt, cloak and apron.

Man wears shirt, embroidered vest, zaragüelles or shorts, shorts and socks or socks. A red girdle is added at the waist and at the feet espardeñas.


The traditional costume of Cantabria is that of Highlander. The woman wears canvas shirt with wide sleeves, a long saya with velvet strips, a jerkin velvet or corduroy, a handkerchief on the shoulders and another on the head.

The man is wearing a canvas shirt, a corduroy or silk vest with a satin back, a dark jacket, cloth pants and a girdle at the waist On the head he puts on a hat.

Extremadura and Castile and León

The elements in common between each part of Extremadura are the skirt, knee-length panties, aprons and white blouses. For example, in Montehermoso, Cáceres, colored ribbons and hats adorned with multiple materials are added.

In the case of Castilla y León, they are inspired by those used between the 18th and 19th centuries, although there are also several models. The woman usually wears a white blouse, a cloth saya, a mandrel or rectangular apron and a dengue.

As for the man, predominates the black cloth pants to the knees, the socks, the linen shirt with wide sleeves, the black cloth vest and the red sash. On the head, sometimes they wear a felt hat.

A different suit predominates in each area of ​​Navarra. In Roncal's case, the men wear a white linen shirt, a closed wool vest, a jacket, a dark underwear and a purple or black sash. On the head they put a black felt hat.

Women wear two skirts: a pleated interior and another on the same color. On top, they carry a jerkin Embroidery and decorate your neck with chokers or necklaces.

Balearic Islands

In the Balearic Islands we find the suit peasant, which comes from the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The woman wears a doublet and skirts. Under these, petticoat and crinoline. On the head you carry a Coping or cambuix.

He crinoline It is a frame with rigid rings that is worn under the skirt to hollow it out and shape it.

The male clothing is characterized by white-knee-length bomber pants, the girdle, the white shirt with cape and the hat or the headscarf.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Cultural diversity"so you can continue reading:

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