Before traveling to Cuba it is important to know the documentation and requirements. Depending on whether you are from Argentina, Chile, Spain or Colombia, the steps to follow may vary. Here you will find some tips for preparing your trip.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Any foreign citizen who wishes to enter Cuba must carry basic travel documents, such as a valid passport, visa, medical insurance, etc. These are the documents that you must have mandatory to travel to the country.
This document must have at least six months effective from the date of entry and at least one blank page to place the visa. If you are going to travel to Cuba for work, these are the cases in which you are not obliged to take it:
- Under 16 years of age from Germany with a Kinderausweis
- Travelers carrying a Seaman book o Maritime Notebook and are on duty
- Travelers with a Laissez-Passez issued by the United Nations and you are on duty
- People who have travel documents for refugees and people without nationality or citizenship, when the document guarantees the return to their country of origin
The rest of the people must present the passport.
It is mandatory to have a Travel Insurance Policy that has medical expenses coverage and is issued by recognized insurance entities in Cuba.
It can be purchased at a travel agency in the country of origin, online or at the airport or port upon arrival in Cuba.
Most travelers must apply for a visa to enter Cuba. There are some exceptions to this duty, including the following:
- Citizens of Granada who do not stay in the country for more than 90 days
- People from Liechtenstein and Malaysia whose stay does not exceed 90 days
- Ukrainian citizens who will not stay more than 30 days and travel for health reasons
- People of Nicaragua, provided they are on an official mission
Depending on the purpose for which the trip is made, there are the following types of visa:
As in the other cases, you must have a passport with a minimum validity of six months from the date of entry and at least one blank page. However, it is not necessary to send it, since the visa is a tourist card that goes outside the passport.
A photocopy of the passport, the reservation of the round trip flights and the hotel reservation, or the complete address of the private address where the person is going to stay is required.
This visa is valid for only one entry into the country for a maximum period of thirty days, renewable for another thirty days in the Migration Authorities.
Remember that if you are from Venezuela, in addition to the visa you must request the CADIVI passenger quota, presenting the necessary documentation between 30 and 5 business days prior to the date of the trip.
It must be requested at the Embassy of Cuba for once approved to appear at the Consulate. The documents that must be submitted or sent are:
- Original passport
- Original photograph, printed on photographic paper, with white background, passport size and less than six months old
- Letter of introduction of the company on which the applicant depends
For the spouses or children of Cuban citizens of other nationalities who travel to Cuba and want to remain at the home of their relatives.
You need a passport, a photo, a form and a photocopy of the marriage or birth certificate that supports the relationship with the Cuban citizen.
There are other types of permits such as the Journalist Visa, the student visa or the event visa. Information about them can be requested at the Consulate of Cuba. You can access their website by clicking in this link.
Methods and cost of obtaining a visa
This document can be obtained at the Consulate. Previously, in the case of the business visa, an application must be made at the Embassy of Cuba.
If done remotely, the necessary documents must be sent in an envelope with enough stamps and with the return address for the passport or visa.
The cost of each visa varies depending on the type of visa and the country of origin from which it is requested. In the case of the tourist visa, it costs around 20 dollars.
On the other hand, if the request is made by mail or through a third party, a consular fee is charged. Payment must be made in cash (if the visa is requested directly at the Consulate) or through a Banking Certificate (payment method used to guarantee profitability and liquidity in the delivery of money in foreign currency).
There is no problem if you want to travel to the country with children. In that case, they will have to be part of their parents' passport or have their own.
Although minors appear in their parents' passport, they must be requested his own tourist card or tourist visa.
On the other hand, if you want to travel with a pet, it is required to request an Official Export Certificate at the Consulate.
For this, the following documentation must be submitted:
- Animal passport with vaccinations up to date
- Sanitary certificate for the travel of the animal made by a veterinarian
- Certificate of good health
- Photocopy of the passport of the person traveling with the animal
The ways to apply are the same as in the case of the visa for the person. Similarly, you must pay a consular fee.
The most comfortable way to get to Cuba is the airplane. There are currently commercial and regular flights from most of the countries in the world, including the United States. The most important airport in the country is the José Martí International Airport in Havana.
On the other hand, from Europe or America you can go to Cuba on a cruise ship in which this country is one of the stops within the route. However, there are still no ships that travel directly there. However, in a short time there will be the option to arrive in ferry for residents of the United States.
Both ports and airports are well connected to cities by roads and the most recommended method to move from one point to another on the island is the taxi. Also, do not forget that in both places you will find customs agents.
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