Traveler help

Tips, documentation and requirements to travel to Russia

To travel to Russia, several procedures must be carried out beforehand. Therefore, in this article, we tell you everything you need to know before starting the trip, such as what documents are needed to enter the country or what are the immigration requirements for each person.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Required Documentation

Depending on your nationality and the reason for the trip, you may need a visa to enter Russia:


The passport is a mandatory document for anyone who wants to visit Russia. Likewise, all tourists must register with the authorities during the first seven days, a task that hotels are usually responsible for.

There are some countries that are exempt Visa if traveling for tourist reasons:

  • A: Abkhazia, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  • B: Belarus, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil
  • C: Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba
  • E: Ecuador, El Salvador
  • G: Guatemala, Guyana
  • H: Honduras, Hong Kong
  • I: Israel
  • K: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  • M: Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro
  • N: Nicaragua
  • P: Panama, Paraguay, Peru
  • S: Serbia, South Ossetia
  • T: Thailand, Tajikistan
  • U: Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
  • V: Venezuela

Citizens of these countries can travel to Russia without a visa for a maximum of 90 days for a period of 180 days, with the exception of Cuba, Montenegro, Serbia and Thailand who have a 30-day permit; and Hong Kong, which is 14 years old. Likewise, people in Serbia must have a biometric passport.

On the other hand, if you are traveling on a cruise and one of the stops is Russia, you can stay in the country for a maximum of 72 hours without a visa. However, you must go in a tourist group, have a valid passport and people from the Schengen area and Israel must have travel insurance.


People from other countries, including Spain, Mexico or Costa Rica, need to apply for a visa to enter Russia. To do this, you must make an appointment at the consulate or embassy. In the case of the tourist visa, which usually allows to remain in the country until 90 days within 180, the following documents must be submitted:

  • Confirmation of receipt of foreign tourist or visa support. It must be in Russian and have a registration number, stamp of the issuing establishment, signature of the person in charge and registration number of the establishment in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It can be provided by the hotel (not the reservation), but there are also online companies that carry out this procedure.
  • Original passport with two blank pages and with a minimum validity of six months at the time of the end of the trip.
  • Questionnaire filled out and printed. You can access it by clicking in this link.
  • Passport size photo attached or stapled to the questionnaire.
  • People from Australia, Canada, the United States, Georgia and the United Kingdom must fill out another form by hand. You can find it in this link.
  • Citizens of a country in the Schengen area or Israel must have travel insurance.
  • In some countries, round trip reservation.

Travel insurance must be from a Russian company or one of the following:

  • Compañía Europea de Seguros S.A.
  • MAPFRE Assistance
  • Previasa (DKV)
  • Schwarzmeer und Ostsee Versicherungs – Aktiengesellschaft SOVAG
  • Winterthur Assist SA
  • AXA Aurora
  • Global Voyager Assistance (Cyprus) – GVA
  • AIA International (CIS) Ltd. – International SOS
  • Coris – Spain
  • Europ Assistance

If the insurance that is contracted is not from any of the previous companies, an official document of the Russian company with which the company maintains an agreement must be possessed.

To apply for a visa to a minor, the Family Book must be presented.

Also, Russia has an agreement with most of the countries of the European Union to expedite the approval of short-stay visas. For people in these States, the normal processing period is 10 days and the visa costs € 35. If urgent (must be justified), the period is 3 days or less and costs € 70. The beneficiary countries are the following:

  • TO: Austria, Germany
  • B: Belgium, Bulgaria
  • C: Cyprus
  • AND: Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia
  • F: Finland, France
  • G: Greece
  • H: Hungary
  • I: Italy
  • L: Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg
  • M: Malt
  • P: Netherlands, Poland, Portugal
  • R: Czech Republic, Romania
  • S: Sweden

In the case that you travel to work, study, for business or visit friends and family and, therefore, the stay is longer than 90 days, you must present an AIDS or HIV test certificate made in the last three months .

In Spain, the consular offices to apply for a visa are in Madrid (Prince of Vergara Street, 126) and in Barcelona (Rome Avenue, 67).

Soccer World Cup 2018

People traveling to Russia to watch a 2018 World Cup match are exempt from applying for a visa, provided that their trip takes place between June 14 and July 15, 2018.

To do this, you must have the entrance to at least one World Cup soccer game, as well as the FAN ID, an identification card that is requested online and sent free of charge. You can order it by clicking in this link.

Keep in mind that, due to the influx of tourists, security measures may be reinforced and, for example, less time is allowed to register as a traveler. Therefore, it is advisable to inform the Russian Embassy or Consulate before starting the trip.

Travel with dog

If you want to travel to Russia with your pet, it must meet several requirements. Dogs must go through a clinical examination during the five days prior to the trip. After this, you must have an international passport or certificate validated by the Government.

The dog will have to be identified with microchip and have been vaccinated against the following diseases with a priority of between one year and twenty days:

  • Rage
  • Distemper
  • Canine hepatitis
  • Leptospirosis
  • Canine Parvovirosis

He must also have lived in an area free of rabies in the last six months. It cannot be a puppy of less than three months and all documentation will have to be translated into Russian.

To enter by air, you must travel to Moscow Domodedovo Airport or the St. Petersburg Pulkovo. If you carry more than two animals, you may need an import permit. Once you arrive at the airport, you must register your pet at the veterinary office.


Before traveling to Russia, it is important that you consider these requirements and tips:

Sanitary requirements

There is no mandatory vaccine to enter Russia. However, it is advisable to get vaccinated against the following diseases:

  • Central European encephalitis (for rural areas)
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Tetanus-Diphtheria
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Viral triple (measles, mumps and rubella)

If you need any medicine, it’s better than traveling with him. If it carries any psychotropic or narcotic substance, a medical report translated into Russian should be carried, so you should consult with your doctor if your medications carry any of these substances.

If they do not carry any of the aforementioned, you will have to take a prescription translated into Russian in which the active substance of the drug appears, its generic name, the dose and the frequency of consumption.

Likewise, it is highly recommended (and, in the case of Spaniards, mandatory) to have a high coverage medical insurance.


As indicated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain, it is advisable not to participate in demonstrations and rallies, do not use taxis without a license, take precautions on night trains and avoid peripheral neighborhoods at night.

The areas of the country and annexed territories that should be avoided due to danger What it means to visit them are the following:

  • Crimea
  • Federal District of the North Caucasus
  • Krasnodar
  • Republics of Lugansk and Donetsk
  • Republics of Abkhazia and Ossetia
  • Sevastopol
  • Stávropol
  • Rural areas of Siberia and the Far East

As for homosexuality, it is a poorly tolerant country. In addition, there is a law that prohibits the propaganda of this fact. Therefore, it is one of the little recommended countries for LGBT people. You can learn more about this aspect in the following article: The 10 worst destinations for the LGBT community.

Nor is it a surrogacy gestation destination for gay people, a treatment commonly known as rent belly, for the reasons set out in the following article: Surrogacy for gay couples in Russia.

User Questions

What is the best date to travel to Russia?

The most recommended time is summer, since the weather is more favorable. If you decide to travel in winter, for example at Christmas, remember to wear thermal clothing and prepared for low temperatures.

What is the language and currency of Russia?

The official language of Russia is Russian, although in tourist areas they know some English. As for the currency, the ruble is used.

Which is better, go to Russia for free or with an organized trip?

Going to Russia involves carrying out several procedures. Therefore, to go more comfortably, an organized trip is better, but it is entirely possible to go alone or on your own.

Can you travel to Russia in your own vehicle?

Yes, it is possible if all the requirements are met. However, keep in mind that from Belarus you cannot enter by road or train, so you cannot use your car, motorcycle or motorhome.

Can Dominicans travel to Russia without a visa?

Although it is possible to reach an agreement in the future, in principle the people of the Dominican Republic do need a visa to travel to Russia, unless they have a diplomatic or official passport.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block “Prepare the trip“so you can continue reading:

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