Within the culture of Mexico we find fascinating dances that have years of history. While some are very lively, others are slower. Likewise, different influences can be observed in them, although some are native. In this article, we tell you the name and tell you about the most important. In addition, we show you images and videos.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Tapatio syrup is the National Dance from Mexico. It originated in the 19th century in Jalisco and mixes several regional dances. The word tapatío refers to the zapateado that the men carry out.
When it comes to dancing, the man surrounds the woman to woo her. She stomps and waves her skirt. Both wear typical country costumes: the man wears a charro suit and the woman the dress of poblana china.
If you want to know more about the typical dress of the country, we recommend you visit this article: Typical costumes of Mexico by regions.
This regional dance is so typical that it is usually danced during the quinceañera party, in which a young woman celebrates that she has turned 15 years old and therefore has passed into adulthood.
This folk dance is quite surprising for people who do not know it, since their dancers are dressed as elders. He is represented in Michoacán and was born in the town of Jarácuaro.
In the beginning, this dance, dating from the time prehispanic, was carried out within the ritual in honor of the old god or god of fire. The costume they wear consists of a wooden mask, cane, shoes with wooden sole, pants, white shirt and a serape or jorongo.
The protagonists are four men who imitate old people through falls and the way they walk. These are led by a couple known as Veripiti and Maringuía. They are also the ugly ones, who mock the dance of the four old men. In Michoacán children are taught since they are young.
The huapango is practiced in different states among which are Hidalgo, Puebla, San Luis Potosí and Veracruz. Therefore, in each territory we find different variants, although they have certain characteristics in common.
This Mexican dance is usually danced on a wooden stage. Usually, the man wears white pants and a hat, and, the woman, a fairly wide white skirt. The music is performed by three people, who play the violin and the revelry and the huapanguera (two types of guitar).
The bamba is one of the mixed dance most representative of the state of Veracruz. In her, the seguidillas and fandangos of Spain are mixed with the zapateados and guajiras originating in Cuba.
This dance is represented by a single couple and the color that predominates in both people is white. Between the two, they form a loop with the movement of their steps, as we can see in this video:
Yucatecan jarana is typical of the Yucatan Peninsula. One of the aspects that attracts the most attention is that the dancers carry objects on their heads while they represent the dance.
This style began between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when the Spaniards who were in this territory danced. With the passage of time, the Mexicans adapted it to their own style. He dances as a couple and goes dressed in white.
This pre-Hispanic dance is practiced in the state of Sonora. There are three characters in it: the deer (animal revered by the natives), the pascola and the coyote. The dance represents the deer hunt, so the person who plays this role has to be quite agile.
The instruments that interpret the music of the deer dance are percussion, in addition to the reed flute.
The concheros developed after the arrival of the settlers in the territory, so, although it is an indigenous dance, it incorporates Spanish elements such as some religious themes.
This dance has two forms. One is called watch and honors femininity, the night, mother earth and the jaguar. The other venerates masculinity, day, solar energy and the eagle. One of the elements that make up the costumes is the feathers.
This popular dance is mestizo, since its origin is German. The natives watched the upper classes of the settlers dancing it, so they ended up adapting it to their own style.
It is practiced mainly in the northern states, among which we find Baja California, Coahuilla, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Sonora and Tamaulipas.
The pineapple flower is a dance that was born in San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Oaxaca. It is quite recent, from the 20th century. In 1958, Governor Alfonso Pérez Gasga ordered that an indigenous choreography be designed for the musical piece with this name, by author Samuel Mondragón.
The person in charge was Paulina Solís. Since then, this dance is performed only by women, who wear a huipil or sleeveless shirt in bright colors, and two long braids with colored strips. In addition, they carry a pineapple on the shoulder.
The raspa is a representative dance of eastern Mexico that has its origin in Veracruz. It is a mestizo dance, because it mixes elements of the natives with forms of the settlers. Due to its easy structure, children are usually taught at school.
Quebradita is also known as rocking horse. It is enough modern, since it began in the 1960s by the El Recodo Band and began to become popular from the 90s thanks to radio and television.
In his music we hear the rhythm of a variant of the Mexican cumbia. It is a fusion of two different musical styles: techno and folklore. In it, the man hugs the woman by the waist and puts his right leg between the two legs of the girl. The couple is spinning and making small jumps or streams.
One of the movements that is practiced is the tombé, in which the man causes the woman to lean back with her back straight. The most striking modality is acrobatic.
Top image by Brendan.
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