The sunburn They are one of the most frequent problems faced by travelers seeking sun, beach, and even mountain routes. The solar exposition prolonged and without having an adequate sunlight protection, causes skin irritation, hypersensitivity and, in extreme cases, sunburn. Regardless of the time of year we travel, we have to pay attention to the protection of our skin since burns are not only annoying and painful, they are harmful to health. For avoid sunburn we must:
- Apply a protective cream against UVB and UVA rays at least one hour before starting to sunbathe (it can be from factor 15 to higher).
- Avoid Sun exposure during midday and early afternoon, which is when the UVB and UVA rays increase.
- If we are very sensitive skin we should not sunbathe for a period greater than 30 to 45 minutes. In any case we must use a hat or some other head protector.
- We should not forget to hydrate the lips (since the sun’s rays dry them out). To hydrate them we can use cocoa butter or petroleum jelly.
To treat sunburn we must place cold compresses in the reddened areas and medicate with some analgesic (paracetamol, codeine or aspirin). Creams should not be applied to irritated skin.
If we travel with children, we must remember that their skin is more sensitive than the skin of adults, so we must take the following sunburn precautions:
- Apply a sunscreen to the child half an hour before the sun exposure.
- Prevent the child from sunbathing between 12:00 and 16:00 hours.
- Sun exposure should not be prolonged for more than 30 continuous minutes.
- Drink plenty of water.