Culture and traditions

Typical costumes of Chile: traditional dress of each zone

Chilean folk clothes are different in each region of the country. In this article, we talk about the regional costume of each area, both for men and women. Some are used on a daily basis, while others are reserved for the National Holidays.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Easter Island

The ethnic group that inhabits Easter Island is known as Rapa Nui. It is an area totally different from the rest of the territory of Chile, since it is an island that is located in Oceania. The typical clothes of this town are characterized by the color white, which is sacred to them.

When dancing, women wear skirts made with feathers, material they also use for crowns. The top cover it with a bra.

As for men, they wear a loincloth called Hami Hiko Kioe They cover it with banana fiber and some ornaments like shells. The mahute, a fiber extracted from native plants.

In the following video you can see how these costumes are and in what kind of dances they take:


The inhabitants of the central zone of Chile, where we find Santiago de Chile, are called huasos. Their clothing is characterized by being comfortable, since they ride by horse frequently. The distinguishing features of this clothing are the wool blanket, leather leggings or leg warmers and shoes with spurs.

On the other hand, the woman, known as China, usually wear a dress with floral motifs and bright colors accompanied by a white apron and black heels. The hair is collected. In the following image you can see an example of this typical dress:

The elegant male suit, used to dance the cuecaIt is characterized by the cotton shirt, the short jacket with buttons on the sleeves, the black hat and the wide color girdle.

The girls wear a long skirt, red sash, blouse, white scarf, black shoes, black short jacket and a black cloth hat.


In the northern part of the country, men wear white trousers every day alpaca wool with belt or chaco and a clear shirt. This is accompanied by a poncho, a hat or chullo, a bag and sandals. This clothing is also known as nortino costume.

The woman aymara, name of the indigenous population of this area, uses a long skirt and a blanket that covers the chest called awayo, as well as a cloth hat. The blanket has a double function: to shelter and transport a child or some objects.

The male ceremonial costume consists of a jargon (white pants with buttons), a loom-woven shirt and a light-colored poncho. The woman has two options: a black wool tunic with a sash or a wool shirt and a colorful skirt.


The woman of village mapucheIn the southern part of Chile, he usually dresses in a long black robe known as shawl. This is accompanied by a sash or trarihue and a blanket called ükülla. On his head he wears a handkerchief or munulonco, as well as silver jewelry.

In the following video you can see some women of this culture representing a folk dance and wearing this clothing:

Men wear gray wool pants, a light or white shirt, a poncho or makuñ And a girdle. Also, a cloth hat is put on the head.

In this territory, specifically in the Chiloé archipelago, we find the chilotes. Typical men's clothing is characterized by gray pants, a vest, a beret and wool socks with boots. The elegant suit is wearing a dark blue jacket.

The female is distinguished by a black skirt, a white blouse and a light-colored vest. Women cover their heads with a handkerchief. At parties, they add a black cloth jacket and high heels to their clothes.

Finally, in the Chilean patagoniathe shepherd u sheepdog He wears jeans, short jacket, girdle, beret and scarf. Women wear wool skirts or pants, jacket and scarf, in addition to a blanket or shawl Gray.

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Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Cultural diversity"so you can continue reading:

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