The typical costumes of all the countries of the world are related to the climate, culture and geography of the country they represent. All of them have historical significance and, in most cases, are used in festivities or special occasions. Below we show you how they dress on the five continents.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Within the American continent, the main variations between the countries of South America and Central America have to do with the climate and customs. Therefore, in typical men's clothing, thin-cloth shirts tend to predominate, as well as a hat to protect themselves from the Sun.
The costumes of Honduras, Nicaragua and Guatemala They are made with colorful fabrics, embroidered or with floral patterns, or even bright fabrics. The skirt or petticoat is usually flying and the top is low cut. The flowered suit is the typical colonial dress and is used in dances such as Warsaw or the gangs.
In South America highlights the typical costumes of Argentina, such as gaucho, countrywoman or dress to dance tango, the quintessential dance of the Argentine Republic. It should be noted that the country dress is the female version of gaucho and includes a semi-flat skirt without petticoat.
Within Peru, the clothing goes hand in hand with the different races that inhabit the country. Thus, in the departments of Arequipa, Cusco, Cajamarca, Ayacucho and Puno, among other areas of the mountains, clothing is designed to protect against the cold.
In Colombia is Jaime Duque Park, an amusement park dedicated to family recreation. Divided into several sections, one of them is dedicated to the different typical costumes of the planet, among them those of the countries of the UN. It also contains a collection of Barbies and more than 1,000 dolls dressed in regional costumes around the world.
As for the typical Brazilian outfit, we can say that it is, without a doubt, the one used to dance samba. Also those that can be seen in the famous Carnival of Rio de Janeiro, as well as those of the junina parties. The latter attract attention for their embroidery and bright colors.
In North America, the most important are the regional costumes of Mexico. For example in Nayarit The tradition of the Coras and Huichol Indians predominates, with their creative culture and varied craft skills. Hence the fame of their woolen garments and multicolored symmetrical designs. Women weavers are known as Huichols as well.
The climate of the state of Tabasco has determined the dress of the Tabasco women. There the flowery suit stands out, with its light fabrics, neutral tones and elaborate embroidery designs. The entire suit consists of a broad skirt or chintz and a white blouse embroidered with flowers of the regional colors of Tabasco (blue, green, yellow and red).
He denim suit It is probably the first that comes to mind when you think of typical United States clothing. The outfit of cowboy It originates in the Far or Wild West, specifically in the famous Buffalo Explorer Bill. The suit highlights the typical cowboy boots or the famous bandana around the neck.
Finally, of Canada We highlight especially the native dress of the different indigenous groups that reside in the country. On the other hand, the Royal Mounted Police uniform and ice hockey costumes, a sport in which Canada has a greater number of gold medals, are very representative of the country.
Regional costumes from Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Russia and the Netherlands, among others, are popular on the European continent. Although each nation has a typical clothing, they have in common the habit of decorating the fabrics with floral embroidery, striped prints or any other reason.
Spanish costumes vary by region. Highlight the suit of flamenco, used to dance this famous dance, as well as the fallera, typical of the famous Fallas de Valencia. In the Basque Country, for example, it can be seen that both men's and women's suits are related to the pastoral and rural life of the region.
The clothing of France has been constituted from the different events that occurred in its history. The women's dress is characterized by being usually earthy colors, long and adorned with floral motifs. A short-sleeved jacket and elegant shoes similar to those in the suit are also common.
If we move to Italy, we can say that the traditional costume of the country dates back to the Roman Empire and the Renaissance era, hence the costumes of the Carnival of Venice are designed to represent this historical period. Typical women's clothing includes a pleated skirt and a cotton shirt. In SardiniaFor example, the typical costume is called Sardinian.
Great part of russian culture It is reflected in the typical attire for men, which highlights the shirt, which is called kosovorotka, which literally means pierced strip. Its origin dates back to the twelfth century, when men were to carry a cross over the body. Hence the button to the side: in this way, the cross did not fall while they worked.
The large number of indigenous African communities, coupled with the long history and the varied customs that extend throughout each country, makes the list of typical African costumes virtually endless.
First, the clothing of Egypt It is probably best known for its eastern influence and the legacy left by the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Thus, typical men's clothing is characterized by including a tunic with an opening in the upper front and reaching the feet. The color can be from dark to neutral white.
The traditional female costume used to combine almost transparent cotton and linen fabrics, and also reached the feet. The use of wigs and multiple cosmetics, especially makeup, was also common in both men and women. Currently, the Egyptians dress in a very western way, although the use of a kind of blouse called chilava.
The tunica Not only does it identify with the Egyptian world, but it is employed by the inhabitants of most African countries, as is the case in Nigeria. The design of this garment usually responds to a common pattern and is adorned with different embroideries. The suit as a whole is wide, a feature that helps withstand high temperatures.
Among the different indigenous tribes of Africa, the costumes of which Kenya inhabits, where both the men and women dominate the bright colors related to the nature that surrounds them. It should be noted that men also wear a knee-length skirt and usually decorate their head with ribbons or scarves.
Muslim countries are divided between Africa and Asia, although the main ones are located on the African continent, including Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, Chad, Mali and Mauritania. In the Arabian peninsula we highlight countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar or the United Arab Emirates, among many others.
The Quran, the holy book of Islam, dictates a series of rules that must be respected when it comes to dressing, such as wearing narrow clothes so that body shapes are not evident, not wearing transparent cloth, avoiding flashy or phosphorescent colors, etc.
Men's clothing, meanwhile, should cover the entire body from the navel to the knee and should not wear silk or gold. Men's clothing must be modest, dignified and loose, not tight to the body. In many Muslim countries, men wear a robe daily. Other basic garments are:
- Kufiyya: It is the garment that covers the head of men and is a sign of pride for the Arab identity.
- Thawb, thobe or suriyah: is the name given to the robes in Libya. They are characterized by being long, up to the ankle. In summer they are white, while in winter dark and woolen.
As for women, the best known garment is the hijab, what does it mean veil in Arabic, identified in the West with the name of islamic scarf. The hijab covers the head and neck of women, and is a feminine symbol in Islamic culture, closely related to religion.
There are other types of veil, such as niqab, which covers the entire face and only exposes the eyes. It is used by the most conservative women, like the burka. The latter covers the entire body and only exposes a small grid to allow vision.
In the case of Oceania, its numerous archipelagos and islands make the task of defining a typical costume and even identifying common features to them complicated. In any case, the climate and geography of each country have been the two most influential factors at the historical level when establishing the costumes of each region.
The typical Australian clothing is known as larriki and is related to the people called larrikins, a group characterized by its contempt for the Australian authorities. His dress consists of dark colored pants, shirt with a long-sleeved jacket with an open neck. You can't miss a black hat.
It is also worth mentioning the typical costumes of the Australian aboriginal peoples. Although these human groups are minorities today, they have managed to keep their ancestral culture and customs alive. His typical costume is characterized, rather than by the garments that compose it, by the paintings of mythological beings with which they cover their body.
Scrolling up to Tonga, the costumes of their traditional dances, such as Lakalaka, Ma’ulu’ulu, Kailao, Soke, Me’etu’upaki or ‘Otuhaka, are also striking. In the face of tourists, Tongan women cover their bodies with a kind of fat smeared when dancing, so that the tip bills stick to them.
Traditional Asian clothing
The traditional costumes of China and those of Japan are the ones that most attract the attention of the Asian continent. In the case of China, hanfu and qipao are the two most recognized garments:
- Hanfu: It was the traditional clothing of the ethnic group, with more than 3,000 years old. It has influenced the traditional clothing of other Asian countries such as Japan or Vietnam.
- Qipao or Cheongsam: It is a feminine dress that was traditionally made with silk. It is a comfortable and elegant garment of simple cut to allow the realization of movements with ease.
The quintessential Japanese dress is the kimono, used by women in their daily lives until the first years of the postwar period. At present, the kimono is still the quintessential costume of Japanese women, although it is no longer used on a daily basis, but only at weddings, ceremonies or festivals.
In the case of India, traditional women's clothing is called sari and consists of a rectangular fabric that measures between 5 and 8 meters long by 1.2 m wide. The sari is rolled to the body and knotted in a special way to make it look like a dress. In addition, it is accompanied by an inner blouse or shirt.
As for the suit of the Hindu man, his suit is called dhoti and it is original from Bengal and the different communities of the Ganges valley. It is a white or beige piece also rectangular, made of cotton, which is rolled around the waist and passes through both legs. It is the garment that Ghandi used daily.
This article has been shared 60 times.
Finally, we have selected the previous and next article of the block "Cultural diversity"so you can continue reading: