It is important to know which vaccines are mandatory and recommended to go to China. Depending on the country of origin of the traveler, the requirements are different. In addition, it is advisable to know what diseases affect the country and how they can be avoided during our trip.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
To travel to China, the only mandatory vaccine is that of the yellow fever, only for those people who come from a country where this disease is present. This requirement is not required to visit the regions of Hong Kong and Macao.
Some of the territories to which this measure is required are Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. In the case of Argentina, it is only mandatory if you are going to stay in China for more than six months.
First, the recommended vaccination for every traveler in any situation is as follows:
- Triple viral (measles, rubella and mumps)
- Hepatitis A
In addition, if you are going to visit a rural area, you should get vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis, which occurs mostly in summer and autumn. Typhoid fever and rabies should also be considered, especially if you are going to be in contact with animals.
Vaccines to travel to China from Spain
While the routine vaccination offered in each country is usually free, the one recommended for trips abroad is usually paid.
To get any of these vaccines, you must go to an International Vaccination Center. In Spain, you can find all over the territory. In the case of Madrid, there are four, and ten in Barcelona.
You must make an appointment before going to the center, either online or by phone. You can check the complete list of places and their data by clicking in this link.
From other countries
If you travel to China from a Latin American country, you can also find a vaccination center close to your population, although depending on the State we find more or less.
In Colombia there are numerous specialized hospitals. Some of them are in Bogotá and Bucaramanga, Santander. To know the rest, click in this link.
As for Chile, there are several centers in the city of Santiago, such as the Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, Clínica Santa María and Vacunatorio Alta Tabancura.
In China we find several diseases that are transmitted by the bite of the mosquito. Among them are malaria, dengue (which is endemic), and Japanese encephalitis.
In addition, in some territories such as Yunnan and Hainan there is a risk of malaria, as well as filariasis in the southern zone. As for the Zika virus, there are few cases that have occurred in this country.
Therefore, to prevent these insects from infecting us with any medical condition, it is important to wear clothing that covers a large part of the body and is not dark, in addition to using repellent.
Also, you should drink bottled water and consume foods preserved in good condition. Otherwise, it is possible to get cholera, typhoid fever, traveler's diarrhea and hepatitis A or E.
Other infectious diseases are AIDS or Hepatitis B, so you should take precautions in sexual intercourse and avoid getting a piercing or tattoo.
Also, although this territory is not the most affected, there is a strange condition called Kawasaki disease It can be deadly for children. It spreads through the air, specifically through the one that comes from the fields of cultivation in northeastern China, where we find certain toxins.
Refering to atmospheric pollution, is a big problem in China, especially in cities. This fact is causing the increase in respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer.
Therefore, it is advisable to avoid big cities. However, if you plan to visit large centers such as Beijing, it is advisable to wear a mask.
In general, it is important that you maintain good personal hygiene and wash your hands frequently, as this way you can avoid some types of diseases and viruses.
Health recommendations for Spaniards
There are some tips provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain to travelers visiting China. The first is to hire a health insurance, because health is not free in the country.
It must be borne in mind that in hospitals they do not usually speak English. In addition, the highest quality are in the big cities. The rest conditions are quite variable.
If you need to take some type of medication, it is better to take it, as it can be difficult to acquire it there. To avoid problems at the airport, it must be transported in its original container and with the prescription.
Another highlight is pollution, which in some cities like Beijing is considerably higher than recommended by the WHO (World Health Organization). This mainly affects the elderly, children and people with respiratory problems.
With the exception of Hong Kong and Macao, tap water is not healthy, so it should not be taken. It should always be consumed bottled water To avoid any kind of illness.
Also, throughout the year there are some cases of bird flu, a disease that is spread by being in contact with sick birds. However, among people it is not contagious. The area where there is more is in Shanghai and the surrounding area.
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