Before traveling to Panama it is advisable to inform yourself about the vaccines that must be kept up to date to enter the country. In this article, we discuss the issue of required and recommended vaccination. In addition, we talk about medical requirements and give you some health advice.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
The only vaccine required to travel to Panama is that of the yellow fever, although only to people who come from a country in which this disease is considered endemic. Among these territories we find Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica and Ecuador.
This vaccine must be applied at least 10 days before the trip and lasts for 10 years. It will also have to be reflected in the Certificate of Vaccination, as it can be requested upon arrival in the country. Vaccination is required for people older than one year.
In the same way, you are from the country that you are, if you are going to travel to one of these territories of the country, you should also be vaccinated against yellow fever:
- Panama Canal
- Balboa Islands
- Guna Yala
- East Panama
Therefore, in these cases, even if you are from territories like Spain, you should get vaccinated (it is recommended from nine months of age). However, if you are only going to visit Panama City, you should not protect yourself against this disease, as it is not dangerous in this area.
Apart from the yellow fever vaccine, there are a number of recommended vaccines, among which we find tetanus-diphtheria, triple viral (measles, rubella and mumps) and hepatitis A.
Also, if you are going to visit rural zonesIt is also advised that you get vaccinated against typhoid fever. In the same way, in some cases, it is also advisable to be protected against hepatitis B. Finally, to go along the Atlantic coast and the borders with Costa Rica and Colombia it is advisable to get vaccinated against malaria.
Other health recommendations
Although, as reported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain, there is currently no dengue epidemic in Panama, caution should be exercised with mosquitoes, which increase in the rainy season.
Therefore, it is advisable to acquire a mosquito repellent and wear long-sleeved clothes. The parts where greater caution is to be taken are in rural areas, jungle areas and the most marginal neighborhoods of cities.
Also, there is no vaccine against malaria, but it is possible to take a medication that protects you. The disadvantage of this medicine is that it must be taken before, during and after the trip, and it can have some side effects.
As for the Zika virus, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid traveling to tropical areas, especially to the San Blas Islands, as this disease can cause malformations in the fetus.
It is remarkably recommended that you hire a health insurance, since private hospitals are highly expensive, while public hospitals are quite precarious and of poor quality.
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