The various presidents who have gone through the history of the United States have marked the development of the country. The actions carried out by each of them have been contributing to making the United States a world superpower today. What presidents made history during their term? We show you below ordered from least to greatest relevance.
10. Barack Obama
Barack Obama was the 44th president of the United States, from 2009 to 2017. This presidency went down in history, as Obama was the first president of origin Afro-American.
Among the different advances that he achieved for the country, the Law on Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care, better known as Obamacare, with which millions of people achieved greater health coverage.
Another of the actions that attracted the most attention was the approach to Cuba after more than 50 years of tensions between the two countries. He even traveled to the island in 2016.
Also, during its mandate, the Supreme Court approved same-sex marriage throughout the country. He was the first president who publicly supported this legalization.
9. John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States in the period from 1961 to 1963. Better known as John F. Kennedy, Jack Kennedy or JFK, he became the youngest president in the history of his country, after Theodore Roosevelt.
He was assassinated on November 22, 1963 while on a political visit in Dallas, in the State of Texas. This crime marked a before and after in US history. and supposed a traumatic impact on the memory of the country.
Several historical events happened throughout its three years of mandate: the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban missile crisis, the construction of the Berlin Wall, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States …
His action during all of them led him to become a role model and a icon of the hopes and aspirations of US citizens and, even today, several surveys show that US society. He considers him one of the best presidents.
Kennedy was in favor of the equality and protection of all residents in his country, whether they were citizens born in his country or immigrants who had obtained US citizenship.
He supported his party's postulates to change government policies on immigration, an action that culminated in the enactment of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, which boosted immigration from Latin America and Asia.
Given his desire that the United States lead the space race, in 1961 he declared his goal of taking a man to the moon. He worked with the engineer of Soviet origin Sergey Khrushchev during 1963, but President Kennedy was assassinated before the agreement between them could be formalized. However, the objective of the Apollo Program was fulfilled in 1969 and the first man stepped on the Moon.
8. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt became president of the United States in 1932 and was characterized by being the first in the history of the American nation to win four presidential elections in a row, that is, in 1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944.
Thus, he was the president of the United States. longest in history, given that he served four consecutive constitutional mandates.
Your commitment to a new policy based on the concept of New deal (literally, New Deal) It is mainly what made him gain the trust of US citizens in 1932. It was based on encouraging public spending through investment in infrastructure, including several hydroelectric plants, roads, schools, etc.
Its social policy is considered one of the most successful in history. In fact, Franklin D. Roosevelt is considered to have changed the country through a revolution based on the equitable right of every individual, regardless of the social class to which he belonged.
Although there is no data to prove the effectiveness of New dealYes, it is true that it contributed to an improvement in American democracy in later years.
During his tenure he strengthened the American world primacy throughout the world and established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1933.
He was responsible for implementing a series of preventive measures in response to Hitler's Germany's threat, in order to prepare the country for a possible armed confrontation during World War II. After the historic attack on pearl harbor In 1941, Roosevelt requested the state of war from Congress.
7. Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt was the 20th president of the United States. between 1901 and 1909. Leader of the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive Party, noted for his strong personality, described by many as "personality of cowboy«, And the amount of achievements achieved throughout his political life. As leader of the Progressive Movement, he contributed to social activism To end corruption.
After the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901, Roosevelt went from being vice president to becoming President of the United States, thus being the youngest president to take office in the entire history of the United States.
He was also the first since 1865 who had not fought in the Civil War. Roosevelt fought against monopolies and developed the concept of Square deal (fair and honest agreement) thanks to its internal policy based on favoring the working class.
He coined the doctrine of the Great Garrote (Big stick) for their actions in foreign policy. The concept, taken from a phrase pronounced by Roosevelt in 1901, illustrates his willingness to make pacts and negotiations with his internal and external adversaries, but at the same time always showing the possibility of acting violently if it became necessary.
Several historians consider the mandate of T. Roosevelt as the beginning of the American imperialism and its role as a great world power.
6. Abraham Lincoln
Born in Kentucky in 1809, he became the sixteenth president of the United States in 1861, being the first president belonging to the Republican Party.
He was one of the most important presidents for the history of the nation, mainly for introducing a series of measures throughout his term that resulted in the abolition of slavery. His actions have led him to appear on the current US $ 5 bills.
During the Civil War in 1863, Lincoln presented his Emancipation Proclamation, in which he announced that all slaves of the Confederate States of America would be released, except Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, Tennessee or Delaware, states that were not included in it. and that they never declared secession.
Lincoln also stood out for his oratory, thanks to which he successfully mobilized US public opinion. through his rhetoric and speeches. At the end of the war, Lincoln established a comprehensive policy of reconcialization in order to establish the reconstruction of the country.
Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C. in 1865, just at the time when the American Civil War came to an end. It occurred when he went with his wife to a theatrical performance at the Ford Theater, located in the capital of the United States.
Lincoln was the first president of the United States who died assassinated, although a failed assassination attempt had already occurred to the seventh president, Andrew Jackson, in 1835.
5. Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson is one of the presidents whose effigy appears on the obverse of the US $ 20 bills. Jackson was the 7th president of the United States, the first of humble origin to assume the presidency of the nation and possibly the only one who had previously been a prisoner of war while still a child.
Jackson's fame began to be generated after the victory of the American forces led by Jackson in the Anglo-American war of 1812. Thus, the US defeated the British in the known battle of new orleans.
A few years later, Jackson was defeated before John Quincy Adams in his first presidential candidacy of 1824, but he rose to power in 1829 and until 1837, thus being the first US president. chosen by Universal suffrage.
He is considered one of the great idols of American history for having ended the war of 1812 in the battle of New Orleans, annexed the Florida peninsula after buying it from the Spanish in 1819 and having been leader of the Indian wars against the indigenous creek, cherokee and seminole tribes.
Thanks to Jackson, the new Republic of Texas was recognized, until then belonging to Mexico.
In the national government, he stood out for his defense of the common man. Jackson developed numerous differences with the National Bank, considering it an anti-democratic and unconstitutional institution for privileging only a few, that is, the richest, compared to the other social classes. He was killed in 1835 by a bullet attack by Richard Lawrence.
4. Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson was the third president of the United States. and is included among the Founding Fathers of the Nation. Although the role of John Adams on the road to the United States Declaration of Independence is indisputable, Jefferson was the main author of it in 1776.
He is also known for promulgating the ideals of republicanism in the US, promoting democracy and fighting against British imperialism.
He was, in fact, a philosopher-politician, a man of the Enlightenment who knew several intellectual leaders from both Britain and France. He favored the working class as an example of republican virtues, distrusted financial and favored the rights of states, as well as a limited federal government.
He also supported the separation of Church and State and he was co-founder of the Democratic-Republican Party with James Madison. Thanks to the Jefferson government, the eponym was coined Jeffersonian democracy and the foundation of the University of Virginia took place.
In addition to being a philosopher and politician, he was a horticulturist, architect, paleontologist, musician and inventor, more than enough reasons for several historians to consider him one of the US presidents. more important.
3. John Quincy Adams
Son of John Adams and born in 1767, he was a diplomat and politician who was elected sixth president of the United States in 1825, after the mandate of James Monroe, during which he was Secretary of State.
Quincy Adams was involved in numerous international negotiations and participated in the creation of the Monroe Doctrine, according to which any intervention by European states in America would be considered an act of aggression that would require US intervention.
It undertook a broad program of modernization, application and development of education, despite the fact that it was finally blocked by Congress.
He also developed the call American system, which consisted of the application of high tariffs to promote the internal development of the nation. Thus, he presented a modernization plan that included the construction of infrastructure, a national university, etc.
Quincy Adams was one of the best diplomats in US history due to the creation of the Monroe Doctrine. He signed several reciprocity treaties with states such as Denmark, Mexico, Austria and Prussia, among others.
After not being re-elected in the presidential elections of 1828, he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, becoming the only president to do so. He was a member of the Chamber during his last 17 years of life.
2. John Adams
John Adams was second president of the United States and is considered one of the founding fathers of the country. He served as vice president of G. Washington for two terms and was elected president in 1796.
During his tenure, confrontations with the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson were constant, as was the most dominant faction of his own party (the Federalist Party), led by Alexander Hamilton.
Adams defended the resolution of the Declaration of Independence of the United States and, in the words of Thomas Jefferson, was a basic pillar when it was approved by Congress.
He was also responsible for the promulgation of Laws on Foreigners and Sedition in anticipation of a war against France. It was a set of decrees aimed at setting limits to foreigners and inhibiting the criticism of the press towards their government.
In this way, French and Irish immigrants saw the waiting period for naturalization increased. In addition, USA He could expel those foreigners he considered potentially dangerous.
John Adams was the father of John Quincy Adams and, among his great achievements as president, highlights the contribution of a peaceful solution to the Quasi-War in the face of Hamilton's war opposition, as well as having built both the army and the navy.
1. George Washington
After the American Revolution and the US War of Independence, Washington was not only the first president of the USA, but also Commander in Chief of the revolutionary Continental Army during the war.
Washington is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the USA. along with John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Benkamin Franklin, John Jay, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson.
Coming from the Franco-indigenous war, in which he was appointed lieutenant colonel to support the British Empire, G. Washington stood out for trying to create a nation capable of living in peace with its neighboring countries. Thus, his proclamations of neutrality in 1793 served as the basis for the prevention of any involvement in foreign conflicts.
He also supported plans for the creation of a national bank, the payment of the national debt and the application of a tax system.
Washington was responsible for signing the Jay treaty in 1795. Thanks to this treaty, war was avoided and a decade of peace with Great Britain was maintained.
Many are the historians who consider him as one of the greatest presidents of the United States thanks to the establishment of the transition of the nation towards pacifism and his criticism of partisanship, participation in wars and sectoralization.
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